Alocasia Black Velvet Care: The enduring Black Velvet Alocasia ( Alocasia reginula) also known as Little Queen, is exotic and sophisticated with silver veins shining against the leaf’s velvety dark background. It’s not demanding as much as it’s very specific. This article will teach you all you should be aware of Alocasia Black Velvet care, to ensure your pet is content.
Alocasia Black Velvet needs coarse soil, well-drained and frequent irrigation to avoid waterlogging. It likes humidity between 60 and 75 per cent with temperatures of 59 to 80oF (15-27oC) as well as moderate light. Fertilize the plant lightly every four weeks throughout the growing period and only repot it once every few weeks.
Alocasia Black Velvet Care Overview
This gorgeous evergreen perennial belonging to the Araceae family is native to Southeast Asian jungle floors. Although it was once quite scarce the wonders that is tissue culture has made this plant more readily available.
The most striking feature of the Black Velvet is its dark leaves and pale white, green, and silver veins. The thick, succulent-like leaves are heart-shaped and feature the appearance of velvet and a firm texture. The leaves are about 6 inches in length and are two-and-a-half inches wide.
The strikingly dark leaves evolved to gather light in the dark under the canopy of a forest. The foliage absorbs all light waves while their light veins reflect these.
Black Velvet Black Velvet is a rhizomatous perennial that is small, rarely reaching more than 18 inches in height and width. It can be dormant in cold temperatures, but it can be active all year long if there is enough sunlight and warmth.
The plant’s love for humidity makes it an ideal plant for terrariums. Despite its small size, will not be lost in the crowd. Black Velvet won’t get lost amid the green.
Alocasia Black Velvet Care Summary
|Scientific Name||Alocasia Reginula ‘Black Velvet’|
|Light Requirements||Bright indirect light. More sensitive to light levels than other Aroids.|
|Watering||Let the top 2 inches of the soil become dry before watering. Root rot is a risk Avoid excessively moist soil or excessive overpotting.|
|Soil||Free-draining, coarse soil. A good mix is two parts of orchid bark and perlite in one part of the potting soil.|
|Temperature||The temperature ranges from 59oF (15oC) from 59oF (15oC) to (27oC) or more and they increase in speed in the upper range. Will not tolerate temperatures below 55oF (13oC) and is averse to both cold and hot drafts.|
|Fertilizer||It is recommended to feed your cattle monthly using a well-balanced fertilizer. Apply at half strength if you are applying an all-purpose fertilizer.|
|Humidity||Minimum 40% humidity is recommended to avoid issues with foliage, however, 60%-75 per cent is the ideal range.|
|Flowering||It is extremely unlikely that they flower indoors. Flowers aren’t spectacular, A pale yellow spathe surrounded by an uncoloured spike of the spadix.|
|Pruning||A minimal amount of pruning is required in addition to removing dead leaves.|
|Propagation||By seed, by separating offsets and divisions of Rhizome.|
|Re-Potting||It is more effective when it is slightly rootbound. Do not repot more than every two years, and only increase pot size a bit.|
|Diseases and Pests||Spider mites are among the most likely pests but are generally resistant to pests. Fungal leaf spot diseases could result from excessive moisture or watering.|
|Toxicity||Crystals of calcium oxalate may irritate the mouth and stomach. It can be harmful to animals and humans.|
|Where To Buy||Purchase Alocasia Black Velvet online at Etsy (I purchase the majority of my houseplants from Etsy).|
Alocasia Black Velvet Light Requirements
It’s a bit of a surprise that the Black Velvet isn’t as hungry for light as some Aroids, but that doesn’t mean it isn’t fond of the darkness! The whole idea behind the plant is to take all light particles it can absorb. It requires light that is medium-to intense indirect light.
The excessive intensity can burn leaves. Even overly bright conditions can cause leaves to become lighter. If you’re cultivating the Black Velvet in a terrarium be sure to keep it away from being too close to an artificial lighting source.
The plant spins or slumbers if the area is dark, but you must find a way to equilibrium. Any light exposure is satisfactory … if it is bright then take the plant out of the window or move it to an area partially shaded.
Alocasia Black Velvet Watering
The issue of water is for Alocasia Black Velvet care is often regarded as a bit difficult to work with. Certain sources suggest frequent irrigation so that soil remains moist, however, it’s not always the case that what you read from the web is accurate. (Sorry, I’m sure you weren’t in the right place to read this.)
In this case, excessively humid soil can cause issues. They prefer greater humidity than many Aroids, while also being more moderate in their requirements of soil moisture.
The rhizome of Alocasia Black Velvet’s succulent-like leaves can make it susceptible to roots and vascular rot. It requires oxygen to its roots and isn’t able to sit in soil that’s wet for long periods.
Here are some important guidelines:
- Beware of overwatering by letting the top 2 or so inches of soil dry out before rehydrating. Do not let your soil get dry, however, allow the plant some breathing room.
- When you water the soil make sure to thoroughly cover the soil with water and allow the extra flow through the exit holes. This assists in flushing out any extra nutrient salts, and also restores the soil.
- If your plant is growing in hot temperatures, you can boost the amount of watering … however, you must be sure to watch the soil. Do not sprinkle water on a wet soil mix.
- The soil should be kept dry during cooler weather, or whenever the plant goes dormant.
- It is highly sensitive to contaminants and minerals and therefore it’s best to select an unpurified water source. At the minimum you should be sure that chlorine is neutralized and chloramine.
Alocasia Black Velvet Soil Requirements
The soil of Alocasia Black Velvet is the second part of the equation for watering. The soil must be fine and draining freely to keep the roots aerated any time – even after they have been completely saturated.
To achieve this the medium must have an assortment of water-retaining and structural elements. The Black Velvet prefers soil that is slightly acidic between 5.5 and 6.5 pH. Therefore, certain organic matter can be tolerated.
Here are some materials that can be used:
- Sphagnum Moss / Peat Moss
- Coco Coir
- Wood Chips
- Coarse Sand
There are many ways to create the best Black Velvet soil. These are some of the examples:
- Two parts of orchid bark and perlite in one part potting soil. Coco coir can be substituted or peat moss as a mixing potting mix.
- A fourth of coco perlite, coir, bark along with coarse sand.
- A good aroid mix with lots of perlite, coarse pumice or sand.
- If you don’t have these supplies A mixture of two parts of potting soil to 1 part mix of cactus may work as well.
- Take a look at my article on soil for houseplants to ensure you’re providing the right conditions for the growth of your houseplants.
A handful of worm castings is beneficial for fertility as well as to encourage the growth of a healthy microbial population.
Alocasia Black Velvet Humidity
High humidity is vital to providing excellent Alocasia Black Velvet care. Certain people who love humidity can be content by a constant amount of soil moisture but the dark-leaved gem is best in a humid atmosphere.
You can achieve 40percent humidity however 60%-75% is the ideal range.
A room humidifier may be needed if your house is extremely dry. However, in the case of regular humidity levels, grouping your tropical trees or putting water trays near them could increase the level to a satisfactory level.
Winter can be tough for the Black Velvet. The artificial heat draws water out of the air, putting them at risk of leaf disfigurement or an infestation of mites.
A humid space during winter is a great strategy. It is possible to bring an air humidifier to your room for this time of year. This could, in turn, help people feel more comfortable as well!
Alocasia Black Velvet loves heat likely greater than yours. They prefer temperatures ranging from 59oF (15oC) to 80oF (27oC) or higher and they get bigger in the upper range.
If you’re enjoying your Alocasia Black Velvet outdoors (in the shade obviously! ) Don’t be concerned when temperatures rise – just bring them inside once the season comes to an end. They’re not suited for outdoor use all year round in USDA Zones 10a and above.
The plant must be protected when the temperature drops lower than 55o (13oC) and also dislikes cold or hot drafts.
Alocasia Black Velvet Fertilization
Alocasia Black Velvet is a light feeder that gets moderate fertilization during the growing season. However, it’s best to be gentle. If the soil is fertile then it requires even less.
A simple method is to feed every month using an amount that is half or even one-quarter of the amount stated in the package. Then stop the application when the weather begins to cool.
Notice: It’s best to fertilize immediately after a full watering to protect root systems from burns.
Alocasia Black Velvet Flowering
It’s unusual to see a Black Velvet bloom indoors and there’s nothing to mourn if it doesn’t. The flowers aren’t spectacular and consist of a pale yellow spathe, surrounded by the white spadix spike.
Some growers believe that the flowering process weakens the plant and cuts the buds at a glance.
Alocasia Black Velvet Repotting
Alocasia Black Velvet does better in snug pots. They are more comfortable being slightly root bound rather than pots that are too big.
The black velvets have very limited root systems. A pot that is too full of dirt around the roots could be able to hold more liquid than the plants can take on. In addition, excess moisture can cause root rot that can quickly end the life of the plant.
Tips for spotting:
- The Alocasia Black Velvet typically needs replenishment every year or every two years.
- Spring is the perfect time to plant a new seedling.
- Repotting is the perfect moment to take and plant offsets that are sprouting at the base of the plant.
- Increase the size of one-pot every time.
Alocasia Black Velvet Propagation
Black Velvets are propagated through seeds or offsets, as well as rhizome divisions:
The process of growing seeds from seed is slow, and seeds may be unstable however it is possible to achieve.
Seeds from your garden need to be pollinated before they can produce an edible fruit … If this is something you’d like to test, make sure to take seedlings from berry and let them soak overnight in distillate water. Plant them right away; leaving seeds in the fruit leaving them to dry hinders the germination process.
The most efficient method of propagation is to grow offsets that emerge off a rhizome.
- The offsets should be removed and planted in a small pot. Use the wide, fluffy soil that the parent plant has been growing on.
- Keep the soil wet until it becomes it has become established.
You could also split the rhizome into sections and plant sections.
- The best time to go is in spring or the beginning of summer.
- Gently remove the pot and then divide the rhizome. Each section should be equipped with the growth node or plantlet.
- Plant them in the mix of their parents and then place them in a moist spot that receives indirect light.
- Maintain the soil’s hydration – but not too soggy until the tuber begins to sprout and then you can resume regular watering.
Alocasia Black Velvet Pruning
Pruning is simple … Simply cut dead leaves.
The foliage that is discontinued eventually dries out and then falls off. You can speed up the process however you don’t have to take a leaf off until it’s completely discoloured.
New growth emerges from the centre part of the plant. Older leaves are often released when new growth starts to emerge.
Gently pull a loose leaf to check whether it’s separate from the plant. But be careful not to pull it to the leaf too hard or break it. Instead, you should sterilize your cutting tools using Isopropyl (rubbing) alcohol before you cut as close as you can to the base.
Alocasia Black Velvet Care Tips
- Sometimes seem to make it appear to sulk … the plant might have gone into dormancy because of stress. Take your time and let it rest, with only a little water. It may come back better than it was before.
- The Black Velvet may go dormant in cold temperatures if the light is reduced or the soil is too dry. If you don’t want your plant to go into dormancy maintain the same conditions that they were during the growing seasons.
- Black Velvets aren’t typically big, but they do tend to shed leaves as new ones grow.
- A shower every week can assist in removing the spider mites.
- They require time to adjust following the move. They aren’t well-suited for shipping also, but they can be recovered with proper Alocasia Black Velvet care.
- The soft leaves attract dust, so be sure to wipe them frequently with a clean cloth soaked in pure water. Be gentle as They snap quickly!
- Misting is a way to spot leaves.
Alocasia Black Velvet contains needle-shaped calcium oxalate crystals, which may upset the mouth and the digestive system. It’s harmful to dogs and cats; be sure to keep your children away.
From the over 70 species in Alocasia, There’s just one species Black Velvet!
Pests And Diseases
This Black Velvet isn’t overly prone to insect-borne diseases, but it’s not completely immune. A pest infestation is usually an indication of stress. Therefore, be sure to check the conditions of the plant as well as the maintenance schedule, and correct any issues as you fight the insects.
The most frequent insect is the spider mite. They prefer dry conditions and can establish themselves in plants that are struggling with low humidity.
Spider mites, as well as other insects, are treated using the gentle mix of liquid dish soap and water. Spray the plant well and repeat the process every couple of days until the infestation has completely gone … Repeating every month is a great way to prevent it.
Leaf Spot conditions can be detrimental to the plant and the most common factor is excessively wet soil and leaves that are wet. Cut off and remove the affected leaves. Improve air circulation and ensure proper watering to prevent any issues from occurring.
Alocasia Black Velvet Care Problems
Yellow spots Uncontinuous irrigation – either too much or not enough – could cause general yellowing of the leaves or spots. The soil’s weight and moisture retention can cause. Be aware that yellowing could be a sign of rotting conditions.
brown leaf edges A plant that struggles with the effects of humidity can produce crisp, brown edges.
Brown leaf tips The effects of fertilizer and underwatering burn can lead to brown tips.
Brown Spots Fungal or pest illnesses are the main cause of brown spots.
leaf decline The loss of leaf colour causes colouration, and eventually loss. Do not panic, and do not increase fertilization or watering. If the conditions are good and the plant is thriving, it can recover.
leaves with a light colour The young foliage appears lighter and darker as it matures. The bright light may also cause bleaching of the leaves.
leaves that are drooping are usually a result of an issue with watering, however various stress-related factors could cause your Alocasia black Velvet to fall. I’ve discussed the causes and remedies for the drooping Alocasias in a distinct post.
Why is my black velvet plant turning yellow?
The yellowing leaves appear to be the result of stress and could be caused by roots rot. Alocasia likes to experience dry spells in between watering. It does not like wet soil. Because it is a drought-resistant plant, it’s rare but the yellowing may result from prolonged dry times.
Why is my alocasia black velvet Browning?
Burning of fertilizer and drowning may cause the plants’ tips to change colour. It is important to look out for the appearance of black spots that appear on leaves. Brown spots can be linked with fungal ailments and pests.
Should I mist my black velvet Alocasia?
If the climate is extremely dry – for Alocasia, “arid” refers to any levels that are less than 60 per cent – the roots will not be able to replenish the water loss quickly enough. Examine the humidity levels and correct them if needed. Try applying mist to the leaf and ensure that the plant is receiving adequate water.
Are alocasia black velvet hard to care for?
Alocasia Black Velvet is considered moderately simple to moderate in terms of the level of care. Alocasia Black Velvet prefers indirect bright light but can be tolerant of moderately lower levels of light
How often do you water alocasia black velvet?
Remember the volume of water needed will depend on the time of year. Because black velvet alocasias are dormant during the cooler months and require less water than in the summertime (spring through summer). In general, you should water it at the point that the soil appears dry around one inch.
Why is my black velvet Alocasia leaves curling?
The primary reason for the curly leaves of Alocasia causes is the absence of proper maintenance for the plant. If the leaves of the plant are curled it’s likely that the plant isn’t getting enough sunlight or is being overwatered or submerged due to a potassium deficiency pests or low temperatures, low humidity, or perhaps over-fertilizing.
Can you propagate alocasia black velvet?
What is the best way to reproduce the Alocasia Black Velvet? Like all Alocasias are, this one reproduces through Rhizomes. The plant will develop the “wide root” and with time, it will grow into another plant. If you’d like to reproduce it the best way is to only need cut off this “wide root” called a Rhizome, and then take it out of the pot.
Is alocasia black velvet poisonous?
Toxicity. Alocasia Black Velvet contains needle-shaped calcium oxalate crystals that can affect the mouth and the digestive system. It’s harmful to dogs and cats It is recommended to keep children away.
Is alocasia black velvet an indoor plant?
The dark, velvety foliage makes Alocasia Black Velvet an irresistible houseplant to add to your collection. Despite its stunning appearance, the plant is an indoor plant that is fairly manageable, and when compared with other Alocasia plants, it is more manageable.
Is alocasia black velvet rare?
It is the Black Velvet Alocasia is an uncommon dwarf variety popular due to its distinctive black colouring and velvet leaves. … Alocasia prefers to be in soil that is constantly and consistently damp.
How do you care for black velvet Alocasia?
Alocasia Black Velvet needs coarse soil, well-drained and frequent irrigation to avoid humid conditions. It is a fan of humidity between 60-75 per cent, temperatures ranging from 59-80oF (15-27oC) with moderate direct light. Fertilize gently every four weeks during the growing period but only refill once in a while.
Looking for other articles on our plant guides, then check this out