Philodendron Elegans Care: Finger-Leaf Philodendrons are grown widely and appreciated in all parts of the world. The Philodendron Elegans is also known as Skeleton Key Philodendron an aroid that is rare that is a native of Columbia as well as Brazil. This plant with multiple lobes is part of the Polytomium group of Philodendrons. It was first described in 1913.
The Philodendron in question must be planted in a peat-based mix that efficiently removes extra water. Place it in warm places with temperatures that range from 50-86 degrees Fahrenheit (10 -30 degrees Celsius). This plant thrives in indirect, medium-level sunlight because it is not able to manage direct light.
This plant is often misunderstood by the growers with other popular Philodendrons, such as Radiatum, Lancerum, and Tortum due to its pinnate leaves.
The Philodendron Elegans can be characterized as a slow-growing, foliage plant, but its beautiful leaves are worth it. The plant that is difficult to find, once mature, can attain an elevation of 9-16 feet.
Philodendron Elegans Plant Care
It is important to ensure that the plant is in the correct drainage-free mixture which holds moisture for the plant. I have established in my Elegans plant in the form of a peat-based blend such as peat-vermiculite and peat-perlite. It also thrives in coconut pith that contains 20% perlite, or completely soilless mediums such as Sphagnum the moss.
For outdoor use, the plant can thrive in USDA zones 9-10 of hardiness. It must be planted in potting soil with an acidity of between 8 to 9.
Philodendron Elegans Watering
I regularly water my Elegans plant during the entire growing period. This plant is prone to water overflow Make sure that the plant is never immersed in water.
It is necessary to water the plant as soon as the soil is dry to the touch. You should ensure that at minimum 50 per cent of the potting mix is dry. Dry the plant after watering. This reduces the chance of watering too much.
Philodendron Elegans Light Requirements
Like the other varieties of houseplants, Philodendron Elegans will require a bit of shade to ensure that it grows at its best. Make sure that your plant is getting moderate, indirect sunlight.
It is essential to shield this plant from direct sun rays since it can scorch the leaves’ pinnate. The sun’s rays can make your plant appear ugly and discoloured.
Philodendron Elegans will happily thrive in temperatures that range between 50 and 86 °F (10 to 30 ° Celsius). When it is growing, make sure that temperatures never fall below the 59 degrees Fahrenheit mark (15 Celsius). Celsius).
The winter months are when this plant is tolerant of temperatures as low that is 50°F (10 Celsius) but Celsius) and anything lower can stop growth or, even more fatally, kill your plant.
Philodendron Elegans Humidity
The plant needs a medium level of humidity, with adequate air circulation. I have maintained my Philodendron Elegans at high humidity of between 60 and 80 per cent. If your home doesn’t have this level of humidity, you could use the use of a humidifier which can help you maintain a high level of humidity for many plants.
Philodendron Elegans Fertilizer
It is recommended to fertilize the Philodendron Elegans each week during the growing season. You can choose to use slow-release fertilizers. I’ve used an incredibly slow-release fertilizer (10-5-10) every year, three times and my plant is blossoming.
Repotting is a crucial aspect of the plant’s life cycle. Knowing how to repot your houseplant is crucial for the plant’s parent. It is necessary to repot your Philodendron Elegans as it has outgrown its container. Follow the steps below to repot:
- It is important to water your plant well within 24 hours before making a repotting. This can help reduce stress during repotting.
- Then, use sharp scissors or shears, and cut the leaves to the desired height. Pay attention to the leaves and stems that are showing indications of weak and slow growth. This is a non-essential step since healthy plants don’t require any trimming before repotting.
- Then, gently tilt the pot and squeeze it to pull the plant out. It is important to do this with care, without damaging the plant.
- Examine the roots for damage or discolouration. Trim them off. Keep in mind that healthy roots are light brown or white in the color. Mushy roots indicate root decay.
- Make sure to separate the roots with your fingers. Also, you can cut the roots if they are in knots. Cut vertically through the ball of the root. This will let the roots breathe and promote the sprouting of new roots.
- Then repot them in the new pot, which is about two sizes bigger than the one you used previously. I prefer an item that is two inches deeper and has a larger diameter.
- Water your soil again after repotting. Sprinkle water until the water drains out through those drainage holes.
Philodendron Elegans Pruning
Your Philodendron Elegans may require regular pruning every couple of months to manage the size of the plant or to stimulate more leaves to grow on the plant. Pruning is necessary when the plant is suffering from the disease. leaves.
Clean, sharp pair of shears for pruning. Cut the leaves that are brown, yellow, or damaged in some way. In the future, choose healthier leaves, if you would like your Philodendron Elegans plant to grow greater growth.
Remember to cut or trim the affected leaves when you first notice the diseased leaves because they are likely to come into contact with healthy leaves, causing more damage and spreading the disease.
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Philodendron Elegans Propagation
- This is among the most straightforward methods of propagating the Philodendron Elegans. It is in close connection with the repotting of the houseplant. So, follow the guidelines to be taken when making a pot.
- It is the first thing to collect all the tools you need; you’ll need the potting mix which is organic soil that drains well.
- Next, gather some water and then let it sit for a while (overnight is the ideal time).
- Additionally, you’ll also require a sterilized pair of scissors or shears, a plastic bag.
- Now is the time to separate your Philodendron Elegans into several new plants. Utilize a shovel to gently dig the ground around the root of the plant till the roots are visible.
- Remove the plant from the container. Be sure to dig deep enough to ensure your roots will be visible and can be taken away without causing any damage.
- Cut the roots. However, before doing so, you must remove any extra soil that is accumulating around the root. You can use an easy brush or spray of water.
- This is an excellent opportunity to examine your root to see if it has rotted. Remove any mushy or damaged roots.
- Split your root ball into multiple sections. Each section should contain at the very least one stem and leaf. If you’re having trouble dividing the root ball use cutting tools such as pruning shears.
- Each section should be placed in a separate container. Then include soil to assist the roots in settling. Use your fingers to help settle the soil.
- Soak each potting mixture in water immediately after planting. Make sure to use water that is not chlorine-free. The extra water should evaporate.
- The newly transplanted pots should be placed in a location that is well-lit and has a light that is bright and indirect. sprinkle water on the soil whenever it appears dry.
- Make sure to take special care of your plants during the initial weeks, as they attempt to adapt to their new surroundings. It is also possible to add fertilizer to aid the plants to grow healthy and established.
Soil is one of the most widely used and effective growing mediums to propagate houseplants.
- Choose a small-sized terracotta ceramic pot that has drainage holes. Prepare a potting mix following the directions in the section on the soil. The potting mix should be placed in the pot.
- Next step choosing an appropriate stem from Philodendron Elegans. Be sure that the stem you select is growing healthily and has at the very least one leaf.
- Sterilize your pruning shears or scissors with bleach or ruby alcohol. The most crucial step is to ensure the well-being of both the mother plant as well as cutting. If you don’t, you may end up transmitting infection or virus to both.
- With shears, cut the sharp cut right below the node to ensure that the cut should be at the very least couple of inches long. Dip the end of the cut in rooting hormone since this can help it grow and heal faster.
- It’s now time to put the stem cut in the soil. This can be done by making an indentation within the soil, then placing the cutting in the hole and pouring on some potting mix.
- Incorporate water into the plant, so that it’s well-hydrated. Make sure that it holds the moisture as well since the cutting needs moisture for rooting.
- Then, wait for the cut to show evidence of new leaf growth as well as new leaves. Place it in a bright spot with filtered sunlight.
- Take care of your cutting by regularly watering when the potting soil becomes dry.
- After your cutting is producing new leaves and roots, you can transfer it to an additional pot.
- Water propagation is another method for propagation of house plants. Choose the long, jar-like container for this species, if your stems are lengthy.
- I prefer to do water propagation using glass containers since this lets me be a part of the process of growth, particularly the roots.
- Fill the glass jar you have chosen with chlorine-free water. I suggest letting the water in place for around 24 hours so that chlorine can be eliminated. Include a liquid fertilizer in small amounts. This will enable the plant to get better growth.
- Cut the stem following the steps described in the previous section.
- Submerge the cutting into the water, making sure that leaves are not below the surface of the water. It is important to put the cutting in indirect sunlight since direct sunlight promotes the growth of algae.
- You can replenish or add additional water every two days or whenever you feel that the water is evaporating.
- As new growth starts to appear then move the cutting into the medium of soil.
Philodendron Elegans exhibits individual flowers that have a yellowish-green spathe. The climber can also produce fruits and berries.
Although it is a long spadix, similar to an inflorescence the evergreen plant is beloved for its lush foliage. The flowers that this flower produces are stunning shades of red. According to Plants of the World Online, the spathe is completely green, or greenish-pink, with a dark purple in the. The spathe measures 6.6 inches (17 cm) in length, whereas the spadix measures 2.3 to 2.5 inches (6-6.5 cm) in length.
Philodendron Elegans Growth Rate
The epiphytic plant is it is a vine that spreads out on the floor or climbs up the closest support. It has leaves that are that resembles a skeleton leaf, hence the name “Skeleton Key.” These leaves are very pinnate and massive and can be found in hues of green.
With just midveins, Philodendron is elegant and has beautifully cut foliage when compared with others. The skeleton leaves of Philodendron Elegans can reach a maximum of 21 inches (1.75 feet) in length and 12 inches (1 foot) in the width.
I’ve noticed that the leaves of my Philodendron Elegans appear to be smooth and glossy sheen. The upper part of the leaves is often bicoloured and has two different shades of green. The leaf veins appear visible on the upper side while they are raised with dark shadows on their lower.
The young leaves have a different shape and form from those of the adults So don’t be concerned in case your plant looks similar to those you’ve seen. As the plant grows older and matures, the leaves will take on their skeleton form. The leaf shape resembles a frond of palms due to the pance-shaped leaves.
The petioles have a soft texture and join the leaf blade to the main stalks. As with the leaves, the petiole is green with an orange ring on the top.
Common Problems for Philodendron Elegans
Philodendron Elegans is a plant that has relatively few problems for houseplants. As of now, I’ve experienced only the two problems that are discussed below:
The mildew that causes powdery dust is often regarded as one of the plants to treat since the signs are evident. The most obvious sign is the appearance of a white powdery substance on the stems and leaves. While powdery mildew can affect any plant but it is the leaves on the bottom that are the most frequent area to be affected.
Don’t keep your houseplants overcrowded, as they generate humidity that can encourage the spread of diseases such as powdery mildew and down mildew. Another option is to increase the circulation of air around the plant since this helps reduce humidity and allows leaves to dry properly.
The Sooty Mold is a type of fungus that develops on the leaf’s surface. It feeds off the excreta of honeydew by aphids or insects. The sooty mould isn’t deadly however since it covers and blackens the plant’s roots and leaves it’s unattractive.
The control of the insects that produce the honeydew is the sole solution to control the sooty mold. Sooty mold is usually removed from leaves using an emollient towel or sprayed by the sprayer that has a hose end.
According to me, the most effective way to avoid sooty moulds is by eliminating insects such as spider mites, mealybugs, aphids, etc.
Other Finger-leaf Philodendrons
Philodendron Radiatum The plant can be located in the tropical regions of Mexico. This species has extremely variable leaves. It starts with fully-grown leaves and, when the plant grows older and matures, the leaves are incised.
Philodendron Tortum is a vining species that is bushy in appearance. The leaves on this variety are also similar to palm leaves.
Tips for Growing Philodendron Elegans
- Keep your Philodendron Elegans safe from damage caused by frost.
- Each week, wipe the leaves using a damp cloth to keep the glossy appearance on the foliage.
- The plant is stressed when pests feed on its leaves. So, it is important to check the foliage regularly for problems with pests.
- When you have received the new plant, allow it to adjust to the new conditions and stay clear of the repotting process for 3-4 weeks.
- Make sure to water the plant from above to ensure that all the plants are getting enough water.
- Allow your Philodendron Elegans to be a little root-bound to ensure quick and healthy growth since it is awe-inspiring in this environment.
- Make sure to water Your Philodendron Elegans plant with room-temperature or cool water.
Most Frequently Asked Questions About Philodendron Elegans
The Philodendron Elegans is situated amid a humid area however it’s suffering from slow growth. What can I do?
Plants located close to each other are more likely to be less productive due to the uneven distribution of water and light. It is recommended to plant your house plants at certain distances to ensure circulation of air and light.
Does Philodendron Elegans require any support?
The plant is a climber type, which means it requires support in the vertical plane when it is grown as houseplants.
How does Philodendron Elegans distinguish itself from Philodendron Radiatum?
Philodendron Elegans is smaller and has fewer divisions than Radiatum.
The plant I have is growing tightly packed foliage. Does that mean it is normal?
This is due to the high lighting. You may move the plant to a shaded spot If you don’t want your plant to develop in this manner.
What is the main difference what is difference between Philodendron Mayoi and Philodendron Elegans?
Mayoi has petioles of pale red with veins of red on the leaf’s underside and Philodendron Elegans sports dark purple rings around the junction points of petioles and leaf blades.
What is the reason my Philodendron Elegans hanging down?
The plant begins to droop because of issues with watering. It’s either under or overwatering your plant. Find the actual problem by looking at the soil. If it’s dry you’re underwatering. when it’s wet, it’s probably overwatering. The best way to prevent this is to replenish the water when the soil is dry.
Can I cut down on my Philodendron Elegans?
This is a great option if your plant is excessively tall or occupies large amounts of space. The ideal time to trim back your Philodendron Elegans is in spring or autumn.
Conclusion On Philodendron Elegans
The incised leaves and the climbing nature of Philodendron Elegans have made it a popular choice for many plant enthusiasts. The leaves that drape with veins provide a lush display that you can enjoy.
The plant is extremely adaptable and can withstand many different conditions, as long as you keep some warm temperatures around it. Be aware that the temperature minimum of this species is 50 degrees F (10 to 10 Celsius) and the maximum temperature is 86 degrees Fahrenheit (30 degrees Celsius).
Other species that look similar to Philodendron Elegans concerning development include Philodendron Tortum as well as Philodendron Radiatum.
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Tochukwu is an experienced gardener and blogger for over 10 years. With the love he has for gardening, he decided to turn it into a daily business and offers advice on how to grow vegetables in Nigeria. His freelance work has brought him to produce significant research and ecological advice that is used globally. He is the author of Urban Gardening.