Philodendron Hastatum Care: The philodendron hastatum or the silver sword can be easily identified by its stunning grey-green foliage, which emits a striking metallic sheen.
In this article, we’ll explain the most effective methods to provide Philodendron hastatum maintenance and also some of the frequent errors to avoid.
You’ll be happy to learn that this philodendron can be described as a low-maintenance plant that is pretty gentle in terms of care.
A Brief History and Origin
A. Philodendron Hastatum is a rare aroid that comes from the subtropical and tropical canopy of Brazil. While it’s abundant within the Brazilian Atlantic Forest and in some regions in Rio de Janeiro, it’s classified as a threatened species because of its increasing and high demand across the globe.
In certain regions of Rio, the park is legally protected in the National Park Act and is not accessible without express approval from the local government.
Philodendron Hastatum Care
The philodendron hastatum thrives in a typical Aroid potting mix, which is humid and rich in organic matter.
Combine a top-quality planter with some perlite to aid in drainage or switch your soil to coco coir (a more sustainable alternative to peat!)
Be sure that the potting mix is not too heavy and airy and that it drains quickly. This aids in aerating the roots and keeps them from developing the common root rot.
Philodendrons are also able to be planted in a soilless medium. I’ve tried this using sphagnum moss coco coir, coco coir and perlite. YouTube home growers have also done this. Any method you choose to use is fine.
Philodendron Hastatum Light Requirements
The Global Biodiversity Information Facility states that the Philodendron hastatum species is Hemi-epiphytic, meaning it is a tree or shrubs as well as other types of foliage.
This is because the plant can be adapted to the sunlight in a filtered or diffused manner and can thrive when exposed to light to moderate indirect sunshine.
The Ideal Light Intensity
It is best to place it in a brighter location typically results in deep green leaves. However, do not be afraid to place it in an area that receives less sunlight or more shade. The silvery and light grey-green leaves are the result of the plant being in a shaded area.
Interesting Facts: Less light means that the plant is using less chlorophyll. Chlorophyll gives plants their green colour. If you notice very pale greens, silvers or lime-coloured colours on your philodendrons, it is the plant’s way to adjust to lesser sunlight.
Philodendron Hastatum Watering
The plant is a fan of soil that is moist and well-drained But the main aspect here is the fact that it’s well-drained. A soil that is too wet can cause the root to rot, or Erwinia blight disease. This is the fastest method to destroy the new hastatum.
Knowing When to Water the Philodendron Hastatum
Only enough water for the surface one inch (3cm) in soil moist enough to touch. Every plant is different, therefore you’ll need to check the soil prior to establishing the watering schedule.
I have my philodendron Hastatum watered approximately once per week. I let the soil dry out a bit in between waterings.
If you reside in a humid, hot or tropical zone your plant will require more water, possibly every day.
Philodendron Hastatum Temperature
Your hastatum can thrive in hot temperatures. This tropical plant can cope with temperatures of 60 to 80 degrees Fahrenheit. The higher the temperature, the more favourable.
Anything lower than 55 degrees Fahrenheit can cause slow growth, and even the death of a person. The minimum temperature of 60 is the goal.
Can I cultivate this Plant outside?
Yes, provided you live in a place that has an arid climate all year long. Philodendrons do not like cold and don’t like frost.
The recommended temperature to expose your sword’s silver hastatum outside to is 60 degrees Fahrenheit.
What Zones Does This Plant Do Best in?
Zones 12b-13b are ideal, but it’s also possible to plant in zones 10-11 so long you bring the plant indoors before the first hint of frost (if appropriate).
You can determine which zone you are in with the USDA Hardiness Map.
Philodendron Hastatum Humidity
As a tropical plant, it’s not a surprise that one of the main concerns for philodendron hastatum is to maintain high humidity. The plant is an avid fan of humidity, so think 55-80 per cent plus.
This humidity level leads to larger, thicker leaves and a greater hue. It is possible to determine your room’s humidity by using an electronic humidifier.
A Few Effective Methods to Increase Humidity in the Home
- A small humidifier can be used.
- Plants that are grouped together will help to form a biome in which plants can share “humidity resources” through the process of transpiration.
- Placing pebbles on a tray then filling the tray halfway with water, and placing the pot on pebbles (not in the water)
Pro Tips: Misting isn’t a good method of increasing humidity. Misting will only raise humidity for about 1-5 minutes, then it’s gone. Misting too often can result in erwinia Blight disease and pseudomonas leaf spots.
Best Fertilizer for Philodendron
Regular fertilization during the summer and spring months is essential to provide the best care for your philodendron. It is possible to reduce feedings in the fall months.
It is not necessary to fertilize in the winter months when growth is either slow or inexistent. Overfertilization during winter may cause root burn.
Edit: I used to suggest Osmocote but it’s since modified its recipe. They’re currently employing Microplastic beads (! ) to release nutrients. This isn’t environmentally friendly or something I’d like to advocate. I’ve recently changed to the use of liquid fertilizers.
Which is the most effective Fertilizer to use in this Garden?
I am a huge fan of Dyna grow pro (the formulation 7-9-5). It has so far produced amazing results. The foliage on my plants looks amazing.
Dyna Grow Pro is a premium, full formulation liquid fertilizer, which contains all 16 of the essential macro and micronutrients your plants require. It’s also free of urea.
Urea commonly found in fertilizers that are cheap has lots of salts from the residue which can accumulate in the soil and ultimately cause root burns or even death.
How to fertilize your Philodendron Hastatum
Simply mix a quarter teaspoon of fertilizer liquid into 4.5 Liters (1 gallon) of freshwater. The tap water usually has excess chlorine or chloramine that can lead to toxicity of chlorine in plants that are house-grown.
How Often Do I Fertilize My Plant?
A month at least in the spring and summer months is optimal. Every other month, you should do it during the fall season, and not in winter.
Keep a consistent feeding schedule (you’ll be amazed at how quickly your plants adjust to a routine feeding) and ensure that you remove as much fertilizer from your roots as you can i.e. around the edges and the sides of the container.
The Dyna Grow Pro formula is low in salt residues however, it’s best to be on the safe side.
Tips for Success: It is possible to flush out your soil each month to avoid the build-up of salts.
Can I use Organic Fertilizer In Place of Organic Fertilizer?
You can, but keep in mind that organic fertilizers require bacteria to break down and release the nutrients that plants need to absorb. It is also not advisable to increase the number of fertilizers you use. Make sure you only use one kind. Overfertilization can result in painful root burns.
I’ve also added seaweed extract and fish emulsions to some of my young plants in the past, and have noticed a slight increase in the budding varieties!
It is because organic fertilizers usually have a wide range of wonderful phytohormones like auxins and Cytokinins. This is pretty amazing!
Development – What Should I Expect?
The silver sword of philodendron is an extremely fast grower. It usually reaches 2-3 years of maturity, however, it can grow more slowly when it is grown in pots indoors.
If given the chance to climb the tree, it will climb extremely quickly. The use of a moss pole or bamboo pole as a support is a great idea.
Philodendron Hastatum Pruning
The philodendron is a very low-maintenance species and doesn’t require frequent pruning if any at all. It develops dense, tall stems and long leaves when it grows and is only required to be pruned to keep its shape or when it has damaged, dead or diseased leaves.
To trim, simply reduce the length until you are at an ideal leaf or node using a pair of clean pruning scissors.
Pro Tips: Sterilize your scissors by rubbing alcohol prior to.
Philodendron Hastatum Repotting
Contrary to other species, such as the red-moon the philodendron hastatum has the ability to cope with having a root-bound however it’s not ideal.
Repotting it once per year at the start of its growth cycle in spring is likely to be all it requires.
The signs that your plant is in need of to be repotted include:
- The roots are beginning to appear through the drainage holes.
- Your plant is roots bound
- It requires water every 2 to 3 days (roots lack moisture)
- The economy is not growing
- Soil doesn’t drain well (though it was once)
Pro Tips: If you’ve just purchased your plant from an Etsy or nursery seller, it’s probably requires repotting right away. The nurseries typically sell their plants once they’ve reached maximum growth capacity.
Repotting Philodendron Hastatum Silver Sword Tips
- Make sure to select a pot with drainage holes
- Make sure to select an oven that is about 3 inches larger than the one you have (no less).
- Fill the container with a premium loose, well-draining potting mix
Don’t be concerned about pulling the soil that was previously in its roots prior to the process of repotting. The plant’s roots will expand into the new pot without difficulty. The act of teasing could result in more stress on roots.
Philodendron Hastatum Propagation: How do you Propagate your Philodendron Halstatum?
I’ve had the greatest results taking stems cuttings and putting them in either soil or water but I’ve personally found water to give the best root in the shortest amount of time Philodendron.
Professional TipPropagating in the springtime, during the beginning of this cycle of growth, contributes to healthier and more robust roots.
Silver Sword Propagation Methods step-by-step
Cutting your plants can be very scary, which is why I’m here to guide you through it step-by-stage.
- Keep a small, clear water jar that is clean and freshwater-ready (so you can observe root growth)
- Utilizing a clean pair of pruning scissors, cut off a healthy, 6-inch stem with 3-4 nodes. The more nodes you have, the more effective propagation is likely to be.
- Put the cutting stem into the water jar while keeping one leaf at the top of the water level.
- Alter the water at least every week in order to stop decay pathogens from developing.
- In the next 2-5 weeks, you should notice tiny white roots beginning to grow.
- When the roots are about 1 inch (3cm) they are able to lift them out from the water and put them in a pot filled with well-drained, moist pots with perlite.
- Take care of the water and treat the container as usual prior to transferring it to the larger container.
Taking a Stem cutting + Planting in the soil
- Select a healthy, good stem that’s about 6 inches long and is a few nodes.
- With a pair of clean pruning scissors, slice the stem.
- Create a small pot with perlite, potting soil that is moist and moist (2:1 ratio). The mixture should be damp, but not wet.
- Dip the cutting of the fresh stem in the rooting hormone. It’s not required, however, I have found it to help roots to take root faster.
- Place the stem in the potting mix you have prepared (2-3 inches deep in your mix).
- Fill the remaining portion of the container with perlite mix and potting soil.
- Set it in a room that receives bright indirect light.
- As usual, water.
- Within 3-4 weeks, roots will appear. Use a gentle tug to check for roots.
- Transfer the plant to a larger pot or container after roots have grown.
That’s it. Growing the silversword plants is simple. Certain cuttings won’t be successful, but I’ve seen 3 of 4 plants established using these two techniques.
Common Pests and diseases to be on the lookout for
You’ll be pleased to learn that the philodendron hastatum is an extremely resilient plant in its resistance to insects, and it doesn’t have much effect on it.
Aphids, thrips and mealybugs and scales can all be eliminated using Neem oil, a green insecticide.
The primary dangers to be aware of are erwinia Blight disease and the pseudomonas leaves spot as both are bacteria diseases. They thrive on water and are typically caused by excessive watering.
The bacteria infest the soil, causing moist soft lesions on the leaves and stems. If it is not treated it could kill your plant within a few days. It’s easier to stop than to treat.
Tips for Pros The main reason why I don’t advise the misting of your garden. It’s difficult to tell if you’re doing it too much and could cause all kinds of bacteria to form.
Have You Imported This Plant? Here’s What You Need to Be aware of:
Here are a few points you should be aware of about the recently imported plant:
- Your plant’s roots may be covered with moss, which is what you’ll have to remove. The moss you’ve got will grow along with the roots of your plant if planted in pots and, if it becomes too dry it will be impossible for water to flow through.
- The leaves that your plant received could end up dying – that’s normal. It could require one or two cycles of growth before you begin to see new shoots.
- You’ll have to clean and isolate the plant prior to including it in your garden collection. Clean the leaves and arching stems using Neem oil, then isolate them for two weeks to stop any pests from spreading.
- It may experience some transit shock, but you can lessen the impact by adding super thrive in diluted form to your plant’s soil. The super thrive plant is an excellent stress relieving agent for plants.
Toxicity Is this plant toxic?
Yes. The leaves of the philodendron hastatum plant are harmful to animals such as cats and dogs when they are ingested. The leaves are a source of calcium oxalate crystals, which could result in swelling and swelling of the stomach tongue, mouth, as well as gastrointestinal system.
There are no reported toxic reports on birds, horses or even humans.
Help! What’s Wrong? Common Issues that are related to the Philodendron Hastatum
Problem 1: Why are the leaves of my philodendron hastatum’s Philoden changing colour from brown to yellow?
The yellowing or browning of leaves could be a sign of overwatering, excessive direct sunlight that is bright and bright or a pot that is over-saturated with fertilizer, or even an infestation of pests.
The overwatering process usually causes the leaves to turn yellow in a matter of days, while excessive sunlight can cause darkened or brown spots to develop.
Issue 2 What is the reason my philodendron hastatum deforming?
If your philodendron hastatum appears loose and drooping, it could mean that it’s not getting enough sunlight or isn’t getting enough moisture or humidity.
Place it in a spot that is brighter and increase the amount of moisture and trim the slender stems to the back. If your plant is showing yellowing leaves but is looking droopy, then it isn’t the most likely cause.
Problem 3: Why are my leaves of philodendron curly?
Philodendron leaves can curl up in the case of soil that is overly dry and the plant is suffering from cold shock or the humidity is low. When your plants are located indoors there is a likelihood that it has to be a humidity and moisture issue.
Issue 4: Why do I have small cobwebs around my plant?
Cobwebs that are small and sticky are often the sign of a pest like spider mites. Contrary to the normal cobwebs created by spiders in homes These webs are extremely delicate, thin and often have lots of tiny red or orange spots.
It is a sign of a spider mite problem. Spider Mites are easily removed with a bit of cotton wool and rub alcohol or neem oil.
Frequently Asked Questions
How do you grow Hastatum?
As with many other aroids such as Silver Sword, like many other aroid plants, Silver Sword is easy enough to propagate through stem cuttings. Just cut off the stem into the section that contains one, or perhaps two nodes. After that, place it in water and allow several weeks, sometimes over a month, to allow roots to grow.
Why is a philodendron silver sword rare?
Although they’re more scarce in the wild because of the destruction of habitat. Are Philodendron Silver Sword fast growers? Philodendron Silver Sword are fairly quick growers and in ideal conditions, they can develop long vines as well as large leaves.
Why are my philodendron leaves yellow?
The most frequent cause for the leaves turning yellow in the Philodendron plant is insufficient irrigation of soil-in particular, excessive watering. Make sure to water the pot of your Philodendron once the upper 25 per cent of the soil inside the container is completely dry. … It is vital to dispose of any water that is left in the saucer. Also, don’t allow your plant to sit in water that is stagnant.
Why is my silver philodendron leaves curling?
Leaves can curl when the plant is in cold conditions or is excessively dry due to constant airflow. Philodendrons are tropical species which means they thrive in moister environments. You can increase the humidity of the plant’s foliage by spraying its leaves regularly with pebbles or a tray and moving the humidifier close by.
Why is my silver sword philodendron yellow?
If the leaves of the silver sword begin to turn yellow The first thing to look at is the sun’s intensity. If it’s receiving too much sunlight, leaves may turn become yellow. However, the absence of sunlight can result in yellowing leaves as well as brown tips.
Does Philodendron Hastatum climb?
It is the Philodendron Hastatum (also known as the Philodendron Silver Sword) is an attractive plant with long leaves that have blue and silvery-green. The Hastatum is in a straight line and can climb tall trees that are in the wild. It thrives on the moss pole or a trellis which it can be attached to and climb.
When should I repot my silver sword?
If the plant gets too big and you notice its roots emerging from at the base of your pot. If this happens, purchase an additional pot and then transfer your Hastatum. The transplant should be simple.
How do you fix an overwatered philodendron?
There are many methods to save the philodendron that has been overwatered. Every option is dependent on the extent of the damage.
Sometimes, it’s necessary that you mix the methods to address the issue of excessive watering.
Most times you’ll have to conduct your own experiments until you are able to see results. Be prepared to take chances.
Limit the application of water
Reduce the amount of time between water applications to allow sufficient time to allow the water to first evaporate. If the soil remains soggy and wet Do not apply water. Give your plant time to dry.
After you have lost the majority of the moisture from the soil, it is possible to continue to water it. However, this time you must be careful to do so in a controlled manner.
Dry the Soil
Soggy, wet soil is not beneficial to your plants. You can turn the soil upside-down by digging the fork in it. This will increase the rate of transpiration of water.
A well-drained potting mix will be simple to dig since it has an open texture.
But it is the case that the potting mix you use has more clay, it’ll stay wet for longer.
Poke holes into the Pot
Insufficient drainage is a major reason overwatering can occur. To remove any stagnant water, ensure to make holes in the sides of your pot. This will help in your water flow and make the drainage process more efficient.
You can employ sticks to accomplish this. If your drainage remains inadequate, think about adding more drainage holes, by digging new ones.
Place the Philodendron under bright light
Sunlight releases heat which accelerates the process of evaporation. Set a philodendron in a position that is overwatered and intense light to ensure that it can dry easily.
You can utilize artificial light sources if the sunlight is not available, making use of a mixture of incandescent and fluorescent light.
Be cautious when placing the philodendron in direct contact with the sun’s heat.
They’re extremely sensitive to high intensity of light. They can develop scorching of the leaves when exposed to intense sunlight for prolonged durations.
Cut off dead and damaged Leaves
Cutting off dead and damaged leaves can help preserve the beauty and appearance of your plant.
In addition, this will help stimulate the growth of young and fresh leaves. Be sure to get rid of the dead leaves as well, since they will no longer serve their purpose.
When you trim the leaves, make sure you wear gloves to safeguard your hands. Philodendrons have toxic components that could cause irritation on the skin.
Always employ sterile equipment and make clear cuts to stop the spread of disease.
Repot the Philodendron
The next step to help save your overwatered Philodendron is to repot it. This will let you be able to assess the severity of the root damage.
Plants suffering from excessive watering need to be removed.
Here are the most basic steps to repotting a philodendron
- The soil should be left to dry out a bit dry. It can be difficult and difficult to plant again in soil that is excessively moist and sloppy. Place your plant in bright lights to speed up the process.
- Remove the philodendron gently from the pot it was in. You can remove the soil by pressing it on both sides. Make sure you keep the plant in a gentle position. Be aware that the stems could have already become weak.
- Remove the old soil around the roots. Begin by gently shaking your root ball. Make use of your hands to separate your roots and root ball.
- Verify the roots for signs of decay. Remove dead, rotten and ageing roots. It is also possible to clean the roots so that you are clear of its colour clearly.
- Let the air of the root dry and be calloused for some time. Also, you can wipe it dry with the help of tissue or newspaper. Be careful not to cut those healthy roots.
- If your philodendron is affected by a fungal illness you can apply a curative fungicide in order to stop further development of pathogens. If there is no need, apply a preventive fungicide to prevent pathogens from having the chance to multiply and infect the plant.
- The philodendron can be planted in an entirely new container by using previous sterilized soil. Make sure to use only the mixture that has a drainage capacity that is high. Perlite, Sphagnum peat and vermiculite are excellent soilless mixtures for philodendron.
- Soak the soil in water thoroughly and let it drain completely. The repotted philodendron should be placed somewhere that is partially shaded. Gradually, you will be able to transition the philodendron to bright sunlight.
Treat plants with disease using Fungicide
Fungicides fight fungi and help in eradicating, inhibiting or slowing down the spread of disease.
If your philodendron has developed an illness due to overwatering then you must use an insecticide to stop the spread of the disease.
However, before applying any fungicide to your philodendron plant, there are essential facts to be aware of concerning this chemical. These include:
Contact with. Mobile Fungicides
It refers to the fungicide’s capacity to move inside the plants. The fungicides that are in contact do not stick to the surface of the plant which is why they are ineffective.
The way it works is to create an unprotected layer over the plant, which stops pathogens from infecting it.
Mobile fungicides are able to penetrate the internal organs and systems of the plant. They also move from one place to the next within the plant’s structure.
Preventive against. Curative Fungicides
Preventive fungicides help to stop the fungal infection from affecting the plant. They need to be applied to the plant over and over again.
The curative fungicide is effective only after the infection has started.
It is crucial to make sure that the first diagnosis of the illness is accurate. This will assist you in searching for the correct fungicide.
If you’re not sure, it’s best to seek out a horticulturist or a plant pathologist.
Always follow the directions on the label. Be sure to handle the chemical with care. The chemicals they contain are harmful and may affect your health.
While Philodendron species enjoy high humidity but it’s not ideal to sustain this kind of environment when the plant is being overwatered.
The high humidity can make the plant hold more water. This will increase the length of the period during which water is released through the Philodendron.
It is suggested that you put your philodendron in an area with a lot of moisture. This will increase the rate of transpiration.
If you’re constantly sprinkling mist on your plant you’ll need to avoid it for a few days until the philodendron is able to recover.
Withhold Fertilizer Application
If your plant is being overwatered the roots will be suffering damage. It’s not wise to continue adding fertilizer when the roots aren’t working properly.
The salts accumulate in the soil, and it creates stress for the roots, which can cause more destruction.
It is preferential not to use fertilizer for the moment. Give your philodendron enough time to get its roots back to health.
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