Philodendron Imperial Green was named for its large glossy leaves, a popular attraction for houseplant lovers. It is part of the Araceae Family.
It’s easy to maintain and doesn’t have any growth requirements. This comprehensive care guide will provide all the information you need to take care of the beautiful Philodendron Imperial Green.
What is Philodendron Imperial Green?
Philodendron Imperial Green, a cultivar from Philodendron Erubescens, is a Colombian Philodendron species. It’s a non-vining Philodendron known for its large, glossy leaves. This variety was discovered for the first time in Florida in 1977.
The great air purifier Philodendron Imperial Green filters out toxins like formaldehyde, benzene, and other chemicals from the air.
– Growth and Size
Philodendron Imperial Green’s growth rate is slow to moderate when grown indoors. This is a self-supporting, non-vining Philodendron variety. It has small leaves and produces large but not very glossy leaves. Although it grows quickly in the wild, its growth rate in pots is slow. It can grow to a height of 35 to 45 inches.
It is interesting to note that this plant can become epiphytic. This means it will eventually detach its roots from the ground.
Then, it attaches to nearby trees its aerial roots and grows upwards, looking for sunlight.
Toxic to humans and pets is Philodendron Imperial Green. Consuming it can cause mild allergies and irritation to the throat.
The Imperial Green Philodendron’s large, glossy leaves have a striking resemblance to elephant ears. The foliage’s smooth texture is stunning during the day. The large, glossy leaves may attract dust if they are kept outside. To keep them clean, use a damp cloth once in a while.
The plant develops smaller leaflets at its base, and the larger leaves fall off as it grows to expose a strong stem.
The Philodendron Imperial Green is a well-established root system. It also makes aerial roots that absorb moisture from the atmosphere, allowing the plant to grow epiphytically under other trees. The roots don’t penetrate too deeply into the soil when the plant is placed in a container.
Quick Overview Of Philodendron Imperial Green
This handy table lists the requirements of this plant.
|Requirements||Imperial Green Philodendron|
|Light||Bright, indirect light is a good lighting source.|
|Water||Water when the top 1 to 2 inches of topsoil are dry|
|Soil||Mix of rich, well-draining soil that retains moisture.|
|Humidity||Humidity levels between 40-60 percent|
|Temperature||Temperatures range from 60 to 85 degrees Fahrenheit|
|Fertilizer||Fertilize light every month in spring and summer|
Philodendron Imperial Green Care
The easy-to-care-for Imperial Green Philodendron requires very little maintenance. Learn more about the growth process and care requirements.
– Light Requirements
To grow well, Philodendron Imperial Green requires bright indirect light. It likes to be in a shaded area that receives indirect sunlight. It is best to keep the plant in a sunny spot where it can get dappled sunlight throughout the day.
Avoid direct sunlight as it can cause leaf damage and leaf burn. In bright sunlight, the leaves will turn pale. The plant can be exposed to light in the morning and evening, but it is best to avoid direct sunlight. However, the scorching sun of noon can cause severe burns that may even lead to death.
Low-light conditions can cause the leaves to turn a darker shade of green. Leaves can wilt in low light conditions. Stems can become long and leggy if they are not getting enough light. The plant will stop growing new leaves and will be more susceptible to problems due to excessive watering.
– Water Requirements
Proper watering will ensure the growth of Philodendron Imperial Green. Only water your plant when the top 1 to 2 inches feels dry. You can test your plant by placing your finger in the soil. If the soil feels dry, stop watering immediately and wait for it to dry.
You can also weigh the pot to determine if it needs water. The pot will feel heavy if it is not moist. After checking the soil, water the pot thoroughly to ensure it is not feeling lighter.
Every few days, check your plant to ensure it is getting enough water. Other factors that affect the watering schedule include temperature and humidity, light received, soil mix, and soil mix. These factors can vary significantly from one area to the next.
Check the plant for each watering. The active growing seasons of spring, summer, and winter require more watering than in winter. Winter does not bring about much growth. Reduce the amount of watering during the winter months.
– The Suitable Pot
You must ensure enough drainage holes in the container or pot you use to grow Philodendron Imperial Green. Overwatering can be avoided by having enough drainage holes. Avoid submerging the plant in dry conditions.
– Hard Water
The pH0_ of Philodendron Imperial Green is very sensitive to fluoride and impurities in tap water. However, if your local water is hard, you might consider using rainwater or distilled water. The leaf edges and tips can become browned by hard water.
– Requirements for Soil Mix
Philodendron Imperial Green thrives when given a well-drained soil mixture with good moisture retention. Use 50 percent regular soil and 50 percent other such as perlite, sand, and organic compost. It can grow well in chunky or aroid soil.
Perlite can be added to the soil mix to make it faster draining. It also keeps the soil light and airy. To make the potting mixture moisture-retaining, you can add coco coir. Allow the soil to dry between waterings.
Like most tropical plants, Philodendron Imperial Green needs a moisturizing yet fast-draining soil medium. To make it more draining, add more perlite and coco coir. This will help it retain water for longer periods.
– Temperature Requirements
Keep temperatures between 60-85 degrees Fahrenheit to ensure that the plant grows well. Extremely high or low temperatures can cause damage to the leaves and impact the plant’s ability to grow. It is possible to do it indoors.
Below 60° Fahrenheit, the plant will cease to grow. It can also suffer from cold damage below 50° Fahrenheit. Hot and cold drafts can cause yellowing and browning in leaves. Avoid placing the plant near radiators, windows, and cooling vents.
This tropical plant thrives at warmer temperatures so try to keep it above 60° Fahrenheit. In winter, move the plant indoors to a warmer place. It is not frost-tolerant so bring it inside when temperatures drop.
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– Humidity requirements
Philodendron Imperial Green likes high levels of humidity like other tropical plants. The plant should have a humidity level between 40-60 percent. It can tolerate lower humidity levels due to its glossy leaves.
For plants h, the average humidity levels in homes are sufficient. However, if your climate is too dry, you can try to maintain high humidity. There are a few ways to increase humidity if you have difficulty maintaining high humidity levels. To keep a high humidity level, mist the plant every day in summer. You can also use humidifiers or humidity trays all around the plant.
Fill a shallow tray with water and some pebbles to make a humidity tray. Place your plant on top. As the water evaporates, the plant will absorb the necessary moisture. For increased transpiration and evaporation, you can group several plants.
– Fertilizer Requirements
Philodendron Imperial Green is not a heavy feeder. In spring and summer, fertilize the plant lightly. It would help if you used one-half the recommended 20-20-20NPK fertilizer and a slow-release fertilizer or a liquid fertilizer each month.
Seaweed extract is an organic fertilizer that you can use. When potting your plant, you can add compost or worm castings. For the plant, mix some compost once a season.
Do not over-fertilize the plant as it can lead to browning of the leaves and salt accumulation in the soil. Flush the soil with plenty of water if you see any signs of over-fertilizing. The plant can be repotted in a new soil mixture.
To allow the plant to recover, do not fertilize it for more than six months. Under-fertilizing your plant can cause stunted growth, yellowing of the leaves, and a longer period.
Philodendron Imperial Green Repotting
Philodendron Imperial Green doesn’t require frequent repotting. It can tolerate being root-bound for a long time. You will have to move the plant to a larger container if it is fully root-bound and the roots come out of the drainage holes.
Regular pruning and trimming of Philodendron Imperial Green are not necessary. You only need to remove any dead or damaged leaves. You will need a pot one to two inches bigger than your one before you can report it.
Removing the plant from the soil mixture removes any dead black roots. Then gently place it in the new soil mixture. Water the plant well and firm the soil around its roots. It can be kept in the shade for a few more days to allow it to adjust to the new environment.
Philodendron Imperial Green Propagation
Propagate Philodendron Imperial Green stem cuttings in soil or water. Stem cutting is the best and easiest propagation method; however, the plant’s compact growth style can make it difficult for young plants to be selected for stem cuttings.
Cut a cutting with at least one node. These are the points that have new growth and are slightly bulged. It is better to have aerial roots as it will make it easier for you to propagate your plant.
Younger Imperial Greens have quite close leaves, making it difficult to cut a stem. The stem cuttings are easier to take from mature plants because they have more developed growth. The ideal time to propagate Imperial Green philodendrons is from early spring through early summer.
The cuttings can be propagated in water or soil. Directly planting the cuttings in the soil is the best option. This allows the plant to adapt to new soil conditions without water propagation.
Although Philodendron Imperial Green is quite pest-resistant, it can also be susceptible to certain diseases and infections. Be aware of common pests like scale, spider mites, and mealybugs. Let’s discuss some of the problems.
– Leaf Discoloration
Philodendron Imperial Green can be sensitive to extreme temperature changes and environmental changes. The leaf may develop yellow or brown spots.
Keep the plant in a stable environment and not move it too often. Pick a spot that meets the plant’s needs, and don’t change it unless necessary.
– Root Rot
Root Rot is the most common problem that Philodendron Imperial Greens plants face. Root rot symptoms include yellowing leaves, damp soil for long periods, and mushiness within the stems. Root rot can be caused by overwatering, inadequate light, and pest attacks.
It would help if you kept an eye on the watering frequency, especially in winter and when your plant is under low-light conditions. You can change the potting soil to remove root rot. Transfer the plant immediately to a new soil mixture.
– Erwinia blight
Small, water-soaked lesions form on the stems in Erwinia. It attacks the soil at the surface or below and spreads to the leaves if it gets serious. It can engulf the stalks and leaves of plants in high humidity or warm environments. Erwinia thrives when it is humid and warm.
To prevent Erwinia, lower the humidity around the plant and move it to a dry spot. Also, remove infected leaves from the plant to stop the disease from spreading.
– Bacterial Leaf Spot
Overwatering can cause bacterial leaf spots. Left untreated can cause dark, yellowish spots on the leaves. It can cause brown spots, yellow halos, and light- and dark-colored areas on the leaves. It affects older leaves more severely than younger ones.
Use a copper fungicide to stop the disease from spreading. It can be used early to stop the disease from spreading. To prevent the spread of the disease, remove affected leaves immediately.
Mealybugs are tiny sap-sucking insects that target the new growth of plants. They cause the leaves to turn yellow over time and eventually fall off.
You can eliminate mealybugs by washing them off with an alcohol-rubbed cloth, neem oils, or insecticidal soap.
Other useful information
Let’s look at some frequently asked questions about Philodendron imperial green and its growth requirements.
How do you care for an Imperial Green Philodendron?
The Imperial Green Philodendron should be kept in a sunny spot that receives indirect sunlight throughout the day. It should be grown in a well-draining soil mixture at moderate temperatures. In the spring and summer, fertilize lightly. These are the basic requirements for a happy plant.
How Big is a Philodendron Imperial Green?
Philodendron Imperial Green doesn’t grow like a vine. It is a self-heading Philodendron that remains compact. It can grow to 35-45 inches indoors and doesn’t require frequent pruning. Only remove dead or damaged leaves if necessary.
Is Philodendron imperial green a climber?
The non-vining, self-sustaining Philodendron Imperial Green can be found in the category. It can climb up without support and grows upright. It is compact.
How often should you water a Philodendron Green?
The climate, light, humidity, and temperature will affect the watering schedule. The rule is to water your plant once half of the soil has dried. This will help prevent root rot from occurring due to excessive watering.
Place your finger in the soil until the second knuckle to check if your plant requires water. If the plant comes out dry, you can water it or leave it alone for a few days. This will prevent you from overwatering or underwatering.
Add lots of organic compost to keep the soil light and rich. Root rot can be caused by soil that is not properly draining.
Why are Philodendron Imperial Green Leaves turning Yellow?
Many things could cause the yellowing of your plants’ leaves.
Overwatering is the main cause of root rot. When watering your plant, be careful. Only water the plant when the soil has dried to the top.
Do I Mist Philodendron Imperial Green or Not?
The tropical plant Imperial Green Philodendron loves to be misted occasionally. It is important to mist your plant daily during the summer months if you live in a dry area. Misting helps increase the humidity level and keeps temperatures under control. If you live in a tropical region, misting can be skipped.
The season, the position of your plant, and other conditions will determine how often you mist your plant. It can also cause leaf spots and rot, so it is important not to mist too often.
Which Pot Size Should I Use to Grow Philodendron Imperial Green
The growth of your plants can be significantly affected by the choice of the right container.
The plant can access more water if the pot is too large. This can cause problems related to overwatering. The container should not be too small. This will cause rapid evaporation, which will result in the root system is unable to support itself.
Conclusion On Philodendron Imperial Green Care
The market is full of Philodendron Imperial Green, which is both affordable and hardy. Let’s recap everything we know so far about this plant:
- Philodendron Empire Green is a non-vining Philodendron species native to South America.
- It has large, shiny, dark green leaves.
- It is a self-heading Philodendron that remains compact even when grown in containers or pots.
- It should be placed in an area that receives indirect but not direct sunlight. Exposure to the sun can cause damage to leaves.
- When the soil has dried up to the surface, it is time to water your plant. Avoid overwatering or underwatering.
- Keep soil moist but not soggy. This will prevent root rot and other fungal diseases.
- Prepare a well-draining, airy mixture made of regular soil, perlite, coco coir, and sand for best results.
- It can grow well at temperatures between 60 and 85° Fahrenheit.
- To keep your plant healthy, maintain its humidity between 40-60 percent.
- To maintain a high humidity level, mist the plant often.
- It should be reported when the plant has taken over the entire pot, and there is no room for it to continue growing.
- Plant the stem cuttings in water or soil to easily propagate the plant.
- If its basic growth requirements aren’t met, it can suffer from root rot, Erwinia blight, and bacterial leaf spot.
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