Philodendron Verrucosum Care: Philodendron verrucosum is an attractive Philodendron featuring velvety, lustrous leaves. It is a hemiepiphyte which begins its life as a seed, growing within the trees’ canopy, and eventually reaches the soil via its roots.
A hemiepiphyte plant can grow for an amount of time by becoming an epiphyte. Epiphytes are the plants that are being grown in conjunction with other trees.
There are numerous varieties of Philodendron verrucosum. However, it is believed that at the very least, two distinct forms are distinguished.
The Philodendron verrucosum, with red on the backside of leaf blade as well as the variation with a green backside.
But, the species verrucosum is one of the many species to provide.
Certain Philodendron verrucosum is covered with long, hairy (pubescence) petiole, which is different from other heart-shaped species like that of the Philodendron Gloriosum as well as The pastazanum of the Philodendron.
Philodendron Verrucosum Care
The Philodendron verrucosum is a climber, which means that its growth pattern is upwards and not towards the surface.
The habitat of the species can be found in Central and South America in countries such as Costa Rica, Nicaragua, Panama, Colombia, Ecuador and Peru.
Philodendron Verrucosum can be found at altitudes of 6550 and 165 feet (50 to 2500m) over sea level. It consequently is extremely diverse in its requirements.
Numerous websites list Philodendron verrucosum as a comparatively easy houseplant. It is not my opinion since the need for humidity appear to be greater than other houseplants that I have encountered to date.
Furthermore, the leaves are turning into a crisp, brown colour if your watering routine is not in order.
Don’t worry we’ve got all the answers with our comprehensive Philodendron verrucosum guide to care.
The Philodendron verrucosum plant Care Guide
Philodendron Verrucosum Soil Mixture
The proper soil is vital and that’s why I will always talk about this subject first. Many issues arise due to inadequate potting soil. many stress points are created when plants begin to show signs of excessive watering.
The best mixing of potting soil is crucial for plants that belong to the Archaea family, in which several kinds are epiphytes.
Roots require aeration, which means the possibility of airflow direct towards the root. This requirement will only be fulfilled if the potting mix is airy and well-drained.
To allow this to happen, you’ll need ingredients that are large and will permit air pockets to form between the potting medium to develop.
The following aroid mix that I would like to be able to share with you is working very well with my Philodendron verrucosum
- Potting Soil (30 per cent)
- Orchid Bark (30%)
- Perlite (30 30 per cent)
- Charcoal (10 10 per cent)
Maintain soil pH in the range of 5.1 and 6.0.
We’ll now move to the next section, where we’ll examine the proper lighting environment that is suitable for the Philodendron verrucosum. Because light is what allows plants to perform photosynthesis, that is yet another element of care for plants that you should not get wrong.
Philodendron Verrucosum Light Requirements
The light that is bright and indirect that is filtered or bright light is the best for climbers. With bright indirect light, I’m referring to the light that comes from a window close to it but does not get into the leaf blades directly.
The conditions are most successfully met with an east-facing window, where the indoor plants are exposed to direct sunlight for the majority of the day. There is also some sunlight direct in the early morning.
I wrote a lengthy article on sunlight and window directions which you can look up here.
Philodendron Verrucosum Watering
It is important to water the soil thoroughly to simulate tropical jungle conditions. It is recommended for keeping the soil moist but not too wet.
Don’t let the soil in the Philodendron verrucosum you have completely, as is advised in plant care books.
The dry soil acts as a protective layer because of the blanket effect. This can hinder any moisture from getting close to the roots.
With the proper substrate, you will be capable of keeping the roots that support your plant in good health. You should also give it plenty of water as you water it.
Root rot is the most common result of poor soil conditions and a lack of a regular watering routine. Check out my post on stopping root decay should you want to learn more about it.
Philodendron verrucosum is a fan of temperatures that is higher than the 68 degF mark (20degC). A temperature of 77degF (25degC) combined and high levels of humidity guarantee that your verrucosum will grow extremely fast if you’re the type of verrucosum that likes warmer temperatures.
They may also be warmer-growing and do better when temperatures are lower. It is important to keep in mind that the Philodendron verrucosum can be found at altitudes that range from 65 to 6550 feet (50-2000m) above sea level.
These are the kinds of conditions you’ll encounter within Central or South America where the Philodendron thrives in nature.
The Philodendron verrucosum can be grown outdoors in zones 9b-11 of hardiness according to the Department of Agriculture’s zones of hardiness. Keep temperatures at or above 40 degrees Fahrenheit (4.5 degrees Celsius).
Philodendron Verrucosum Humidity
The humidity that is above 60% is recommended to ensure that your Philodendron verrucosum is in good shape and vigorously growing.
This is a subtropical or tropical plant, after all, that thrives in dry conditions within the natural. I keep mine extremely humid at 90% or more in terrariums, They thrive.
Philodendron Verrucosum Fertilizer
Make sure to fertilize the soil at least three every year. The best fertilizer is a slow-release fertilizer.
This kind of fertilizer is firm and comes in small sticks or small, colourful balls that you can put in the soil.
If you don’t fertilize your verrucosum of Philodendron, it will only grow slowly.
My guide to fertilizer and nutrients is here for you in case you’re looking to learn the details about fertiliser best practices.
Philodendron verrucosum is a simple flowering plant that can be propagated in the majority of instances. The most commonly used method is to propagate stem cuttings.
A moss pole or even a simple stick is suggested to help these plants grow in size and maturity
The plants can grow to three inches (90cm) in the height. The leaves can grow to the size of 3 feet (90cm).
New leaves appear from cataphylls that are deciduous. Deciduous refers to the fact that cataphylls will be removed.
Because Philodendron verrucosum can climb, it is recommended to have a Moss pole.
The moss pole helps the plant gain height. Other benefits of poles are that the verrucosum stem will become denser and the size of the leaves will be increased significantly.
Without the ability to climb, it will take longer for the verrucosum of Philodendron verrucosum to mature or not even reach that stage.
They are more productive in winter if you own verrucosum which is a cold-growing plant.
Philodendron Verrucosum Potting
They love to develop large root systems, so my recommendation is to not underpot this plant.
Select the size of the pot where the plant is able for a big root system.
It is possible to use clay pots. The main benefit is that they will remove excess water from the soil. However, this means that you need to water more often.
Find out more about the benefits of clay containers in case you’re looking for the ideal pot to grow your plants in.
Repot every 2 to 3 years before your Philodendron is pot bound.
One option to consider if these plants do not grow in the container is to put an underside pebble tray and fill it up with water.
This can make it more humid in the vicinity of the verrucosum plants.
Philodendron Verrucosum Propagation
Similar to most houseplants there are a variety of options for propagating the Philodendron verrucosum.
I will go into greater detail about how to stem cuttings since this method isn’t just simple, but it is also very effective.
Stem cuttings are a popular method of propagating Philodendron like Philodendron Selloum, Philodendron Gloriosum and Philodendron Birkin.
Step-by-Step Philodendron verrucosum propagation:
- Choose a portion of your plant that’s suitable to propagate
- Be sure that the section you’re selecting has at minimum one node
- Get your pruning shears knives or scissors by putting them under the torch for a few minutes and applying the rubbing alcohol
- Make use of the cleaned blade(s) to create clear cuts
- Apply cinnamon to the wounds. This will aid them to heal faster and prevent infection.
- Cut the Philodendron verrucosum into Sphagnum Moss. Other options include perlite, water or directly laying soil
- Before using the Spaghnum moss, place it in water, then press it into your fist at least three times until the excess water can drain away.
- The humidity of your moss is ideal
- Cut the cutting and put it and the Sphagnum Moss in a jar or pot.
- Make sure the location you select ensures that the area you choose provides humidity and warmth to your cutting area as this can speed up the process.
After 3-4 weeks, it is expected to see roots forming. However, it is possible to go more quickly or for a longer time or fail.
Numerous elements can impact your success rate. In addition to humidity and temperature, one of the major factors in selecting the correct time of year for cuttings and propagation efforts.
The seasons of Spring and Summer are typically the best times to start propagating plants in the home or for that matter.
Another method is to apply air layers to your plant. This involves trying to extract roots away from the cutting before cutting it.
It is putting Sphagnum the moss around a point with air roots, then covering the area with plastic. After a few weeks, the roots should begin expanding.
When the length of the root is enough, you can make your cut and you will be able to get a root-supported cutting. The chance of success is greater when you have an edge that is rooted.
The process, however, is more challenging to complete as fixing your Sphagnum mound on the stem of the plant could be quite difficult to master for beginners.
Philodendron Verrucosum Seeds
Seeds propagation is a fantastic method of obtaining many plants. The most difficult part is acquiring seeds. Aroid seeds are tough to find and some are rapidly degenerating.
Shopping for seeds on the internet generally isn’t a good choice as you might get anything except the seeds of Philodendron verrucosum.
The most effective way is to plant two plants so that they can both pollinate each other. To allow this to happen, each plant must flower at the same time or freeze the seeds from one plant and be ready when the other flowers.
Apart from the propagation of this plant and enjoying the part, you might also face specific issues when things don’t seem to go as planned.
Let’s focus on the most frequent problems that arise in the Philodendron Verrucosum.
common problems with the Philodendron verrucosum
Philodendron Verrucosum Yellow Leaves
The appearance of yellow leaves, if it is not evident on older leaves in the lower part of your plant, where it could be normal is typically an indication of excessive watering.
Consider it a warning signal to cut down on the frequency that you water your Philodendron verrucosum.
If the soil has become damp for a prolonged period, it is also possible to examine the roots for signs of root decay.
Philodendron Verrucosum Drooping Leaves
This could be a confounding one, as the drooping of leaves could be an indication of two contradictory factors.
Drooping leaves on Philodendron plants could be due to overwatering or be a result of waterlogging.
The first step here is to figure out the one you are looking for. Place a finger in the soil. If it is spongy and some soil remains on your fingers after you lift it out of the soil, you may be excessively watering.
It’s the opposite when it comes to submerging. While underwatering can be fixed swiftly with a good drench, and a more adapted watering schedule according to the condition of your body, excessive watering requires multiple steps to correct.
If the problem is caused by overwatering, it is possible to take out and completely exchange the soil. The chances are that root rot will begin to appear and could also be infesting the soil.
Get rid of all the soil and clean the pot. I suggest using a mix of potting soil that is airier with chunky bits, where the roots are aerated permitted.
The root rot fungus is caused by water overflow on the other hand. The result is rotting roots that die. The disease will begin to affect healthy roots when this disease rapidly grows.
The reason is the lack of oxygenation to the root.
However, there is also the fungus root rot that could infect the root system of Philodendron Verrucsoum and then quickly expand to all the plant’s roots.
It is a severe disease that could kill the plant completely and must be detected and treated as soon as is possible.
Our article on how to recognize the illness and our article on treating it will provide the most important information you have to be aware of.
Pests that are caused by plants are among the most harmful. They can be very unpleasant looking and difficult to eradicate. The most annoying thing is that they’re usually tiny and you won’t know the exact cause of the problem that has infested your plant until it’s close to being over.
Instead of going into excessive specifics, I’ll give you the tried and tested methods for eliminating the majority of bugs that you might come across one at some point or another:
Neem Oil The oil works wonders against insects of all kinds. It’s not expensive and it is available in a pure form to mix it in with water or mixed and then ready to be sprayed onto your plant. It gives off a pleasant smell that some people dislike but others may like.
The most important thing is the fact that all bugs are against it. Highly effective, but it requires several applications to be efficient.
Castile Soap –Use soap that is real and you will be amazed to discover that it can effectively fight off bugs within your Philodendron verrucosum. Combine 1 teaspoon of Castile soap with 1 quarter of a quart of water.
Rubbing Alcohol Rubbing AlcoholDilute the rubbing alcohol in water, and then use a cloth or Q-tip for cleaning the surface of your Philodendron Verrucosum. Make use of 1 cup of rub alcohol and 1 one quart of water.
The latest thing I’ve discovered is prey bugs. They are bugs that feed on other bugs you wouldn’t want to be able to find in your garden.
I am currently testing the larvae of lacewings as they don’t fly until they reach adulthood and have proven to be very effective in removing different types of pests on plants. Highly recommended.
In all of the methods described, be aware that you must apply multiple applications. Additionally, you’ll be required to repeat the process after a couple of weeks, as plants pests can lay eggs over and underground, which will hatch in the time.
If you have had fought your first batch with success, the second batch could be hatching and ready for the second wave.
Alongside fighting pests that attack plants, I have compiled the most important ways to ensure your Philodendron is problem-free. Read more below.
Tips to maintain Philodendron Verrucosum free of problems
In this article I’d like to discuss the most important strategies and tricks that will keep your Philodendron Verrucosum healthy and flourishing:
- Make sure the humidity is as high as you can. When the humidity was low, I had issues when I was growing this particular plant. It’s not an issue since they thrive in cloud forests in the natural world.
- As hemiepiphyte plants require an extremely fluid potting mix that allows air can get to root systems of the Philodendron Verrucosum
- Because the majority of these plants are cold-growing, ensure that temperatures aren’t excessively high, but they should be moderate.
Commonly asked questions about Philodendron Verrucosum
What is the reason why the leaves of my Philodendron Verrucosum fall?
Drooping leaves may be a sign of waterlogging but can also be a sign of excessive watering.
What is the best way to take care of the Philodendron Verrucosum?
They love high humidity as well as bright indirect light and mild temperatures. A breathable, airy soil is a necessity since the Philodendron verrucosum is a hemiepiphyte that grows at least a portion of its existence with other species of trees. Make sure the soil is moist but never soggy, and regularly water it.
Is Philodendron verrucosum a rapid cultivator?
The majority of philodendrons thrive from the autumn and winter seasons when temperatures are cooler since it is an early-season cold-growing species. Philodendron verrucosum is found in cloud forests at various altitudes of up to 6550 feet (2000m).
What is the family that the Philodendron Verrucosum belonged to?
Philodendron verrucosum is part of the Araceae family, along with the Monstera Genus.
Philodendron Verrucosum is an exquisitely beautiful aroid, with silky leaves, stunning leaf blades, and intriguing petioles.
If you provide the right conditions to allow this gorgeous Pihlodendron to flourish, it will repay you thousands of times over with its brilliant leaves and its red-to-purple backs (this is the case for certain verrucosum varieties).
Verrucosum is a predominant cold-loving plant that not only enjoys but also needs an abundance of humidity and airy soil to flourish.
What are your experiences with growing the Philodendron verrucosum?