Philodendron Xanadu Care: Philodendron”Xanadu” which was recently changed its name to Thaumatophyllumxanadu is an excellent Philodendron that can be grown as a plant for your home. With its upright, spreading growth with deeply split leaves, it’s great for bringing an exotic feel to your indoor area. This article will discuss all you must be aware of Philodendron the Xanadu maintenance and assist in steering away from the traps.
The Philodendron Xanadu’s requirements for maintenance include moderate indirect lighting and well-drained soil that never gets dry or gets damp. High to moderate humidity, temperatures ranging from between 65oF (18oC) up to 85oF (29oC) as well as the application of a small amount of fertilizer every two to four weeks during the duration of the growing season can help your plant thrive.
Philodendron Xanadu Overview
The huge, toothy, and green leaves from the Philodendron Xanadu produces a tropical feel when it is planted as a houseplant or as a large outdoor plant. Its upright, airy growth is confined and doesn’t require the use of stakes or other supports.
Philodendron Xanadu has a complex background. This plant received a patent in the form of an Australian cultivar in 1983. However, it was later found that it was a wild plant that is native to Brazil. It was changed to Thaumatophyllumxanadu due to the DNA data It could require the world of plants some time to adapt to this change, so we’ll stick with the popular name at present: Philodendron Xanadu.
It is a relatively relaxed rainforest dweller that has huge, low-spreading and evergreen leaves with lobed edges that hang from straight, upright stems. It is not a plant that flowers in the winter.
A less tiny relative of “Selloum Hope, Philodendronxanadu grows into leafy clumps that can be three feet or more high and five feet wide. The leaves can be up to a foot in length when it is grown in a container.
The plant gets more appealing as it matures and develops dark foliage, greener leaves large trunk and aerial roots on the soil’s surface.
Philodendron Xanadu Care Summary
|Scientific Name||Thaumatophyllumxanadu (Previously Philodendron Xanadu)|
|Light Requirements||Medium to bright indirect light. Will scorch in direct sunlight. It is better than most houseplants with less lighting.|
|Watering||Needs constant wet soil. Make sure to water thoroughly after the soil’s top inch is dry. Do not let the plant rest in soil that is wet, as it could be susceptible to root decay.|
|Soil||A clear, light, well-draining potting mix is essential. Mixing equal parts of perlite, peat/coco coir and compost is a great option.|
|Temperature||It is best to use it between temperatures of 65oF (18oC) between 85oF and 65oF (29oC). Make sure to keep the temperature in the upper 55°F (13degC).|
|Fertilizer||Fertilize once every two weeks throughout the growing season. I prefer using a water-soluble, balanced fertilizer diluted to half of the recommended dosage.|
|Humidity||Moderate to high levels of humidity. >40% ideally.|
|Flowering||Rarely, the plant blooms indoors.|
|Pruning||The pruning should be minimal for other reasons than to cut off the damaged or old foliage.|
|Propagation||Most successful propagated through division however stem cuttings may also be propagated.|
|Re-Potting||Doesn’t require frequent repotting. You should wait until the plant displays indications of being rootbound.|
|Diseases and Pests||Very pest-resistant. Erwinia could be a problem and so can other pathogens that cause root rot.|
|Toxicity||Toxic for pets and humans when inhaled. Sap may also result in skin irritation.|
|Where To Buy||Purchase Philodendron Xanadu on Etsy (I purchase all my houseplants on Etsy).|
Philodendron Xanadu Light Requirements
Philodendron”Xanadu” is a fan of indirect light. However, it burns easily when exposed to direct sunlight. It thrives in bright areas in which the sun’s rays do not reflect directly onto its foliage.
Some hours of gentle direct sunlight in the early morning or early evening can be acceptable … however, exposure to too intense light conditions could cause them to be pale and discoloured, even if they do not burn.
The plant can withstand low light better than most tropical plants. The leaves tend to get darker when the light is dim however, they can become in size if it starts to struggle under low light. It is easy to overwater the Philodendronxanadu that is grown in low-light conditions since it uses less.
Find my blog post on the importance of the lighting requirements that house plants require to find out more about the best ways to ensure that your houseplants receive optimal lighting.
How To Water Philodendron Xanadu
Watering is one of the most challenging aspects of Philodendron Xanadu maintenance. The plant prefers humid soil, but it can’t endure wet feet. It’s also susceptible to mold, it’s not fond of drying out.
It isn’t possible to apply water according to a fixed timetable It’s up to you to keep an eye on the soil.
The water should be drained once you notice that the upper inch medium is dry. It will take approximately one week for your soil to be at this level … if the soil isn’t drying quickly enough, you may have to use lighter portions.
NOTE It’s not the best alternative but is more effective than increasing roots to die.
Here are some other suggestions:
- Be aware that your plant’s water intake is contingent on the season and the amount of sunlight it’s receiving. As a rule, maintain the soil’s moisture throughout the growing season. The soil is less watered in the winter months.
- When your plants are in a pot that is too large for its root system the soil could be slower to dry.
- The increase in light intensity could assist the plant to use water faster.
- It’s generally recommended to wash the soil with excessive water so that the soil is cleansed of toxins the soil. This isn’t the best option if the soil is heavy and holds but. (Upgrade the soil’s medium when you next plant!)
- If you have to it is necessary, to limit flushing of the soil to warmer growing seasons in which the soil begins to dry faster.
- Be sure to empty the cache pots immediately after the watering.
Check out more Guide Below
Philodendron Xanadu Soil Requirements
A mix that drains quickly has two main functions It keeps it from preventing Philodendron the Xanadu’s roots from settling in wet soil and also helps maintain the oxygen they require. A well-drained and light soil makes watering more simple.
The plant prefers its pH levels between 5.6 to 7.5 and will not dislike peat or any other organic materials that slowly make the soil acidic when they are broken down. The Philodendron Xanadu’s natural soil is comprised of organic matter, and they thrive there, but it is a bit sour and the aeration qualities of these substances decrease and require replenishment.
It’s an excellent idea to add organic aerating elements, such as perlite and pumice into the soil, which won’t degrade.
The following are the best elements of Philodendron in Xanadu’s soil mixture:
- Peat peat
- Coconut coir
- Coarse sand
- Orchid bark
A good recipe is mixing coco coir or peat moss perlite, compost, and coco coir in a proportion of one-third each. An inorganic ingredient can be used instead of perlite if you wish. You could also include a small number of wood chips or bark. The article I’ve put together is an entire article on creating and choosing the best soil for houseplants Check this out to know more.
Philodendron Xanadu Humidity
It is Philodendron Xanadu likes humidity, but it’s more resilient to normal levels than many of the rainforest tropicals.
Their growth is generally more glossy and lush if there is more humidity in the air. keeping the soil hydrated aids the plant to adapt to the dryer conditions.
If your area is exceptionally dry, or the wintertime heat has reduced levels of humidity so that the plant is struggling and displaying poor, dry leaves, it is possible to increase the humidity of your garden. several ways to boost humidity:
Gripping Plants Plants together in a way the transpiration of their usual enhances humidity in the local area. Avoid crowding for optimum airflow, and to reduce the possibility of spreading disease or pests.
Water Trays Another option to increase the humidity modestly is to set containers filled with water near the plants. To make space you can include pebbles in the trays, and then place the container of your plant over it, where it will be placed safely over the waterline.
Room humidifier It’s likely not required but you could go all-out and install the humidifier to create the illusion of a rainforest. There’s an additional cost and maintenance that must be taken care of, but it’s a great way to help solve the problem.
Philodendron Xanadu prefers warm temperatures over 55degF (13degC) and thrives in the range of 65oF (18oC) and 85oF (29oC). The plant is likely to die in colder temperatures, however, it could be able to recover if they don’t freeze.
The plant is susceptible to extreme temperature changes and drafts. Avoid them near heating or air conditioning vents.
The plant can thrive outdoors all year in USDA zones 10-11 of hardiness. Certain growers from Zone 9 assist the Xanadu to thrive like a plant for landscaping by covering it with mulch and then covering it during frost.
How To Fertilize Philodendron Xanadu
The routine fertilization of the growing season can be essential to ensure great Philodendron Xanadu maintenance … But make sure not to overdo it. The roots of these plants are sensitive to burning. Too less fertilizer is more beneficial than excessive.
Feeding lightly in the spring. Increase the amount when the temperatures rise and the plant increases its growth. In the fall, reduce the amount and stop fertilizing completely during the winter months.
There are three fertilization methods:
- Apply a balanced fertilizer that has been diluted by half the recommended dosage; apply it monthly in the autumn and spring and every two weeks in summer.
- Mix the fertilizer with water to approximately one teaspoon per gallon. Then make use of it to water.
- The slow-release formulation can be sprinkled on the soil. This is not the best choice for children or pets that might be drawn to the colourful granules. A single dose can last from six months to one year so it is recommended to apply the treatment in the spring.
Here are some suggestions for fertilizing the Philodendron Xanadu:
Always apply the application to damp soil.
- Your Xanadu may be suffering from the accumulation of fertilizers, this is a further reason to not overfeed. The residue may cause burning of the roots, causing the leaves to discolour and slow growth.
- Make sure to clean the soil at least once a month.
- Synthetic fertilizers are effective However, organic fertilizers help to nourish the soil, and have less potential to harm the plant.
- Check out my guide on fertilizing your houseplants to get more details.
Rarely-seen Spathe Flowers
The care of plants like Philodendronxanadu is about the foliage rather than flowers. seldom blooms in pots for the home plant.
The plant is adorned with the appearance of a spathe rather than the traditional flower. The flower is a dark, purplish covering around the inner spadix spike made of many tiny flowers.
Philodendron Xanadu Pruning
Philodendron the Xanadu naturally develops in loose clumps. It is not necessary to cut the clumps into shape.
It is possible that you have to maintain the plant by taking off the dying or damaged leaves. Older leaves will yellow and then end up dying as part of the natural process of growth and must be removed to remove an area of refuge for fungi or pests.
If you’re using scissors or knives, you must sterilize the blades by using isopropyl (rubbing alcohol) before using. Cleanly cut the stem at the bottom.
Another common pruning task is to trim the plant that has become leggy and sparse, to allow for thicker growth to emerge. (Take steps to address the issues that caused the plant to turn spindly in the first instance.)
Philodendron Xanadu Repotting
Regular repotting isn’t required for proper Philodendron Xanadu maintenance. The young plants typically require an annual repot, but they can be allowed to stay longer if they’re not fully established.
Here are the signs that your Xanadu is ready to be repotted:
- The root system has filled up the pot, and the roots are now in a circle around the bottom.
- The plant must be watered at least every two or three days.
- The pace of growth has decreased.
- This soil doesn’t seem to drain as efficiently as it did before.
To provide the plant with a boost in its new surroundings Repot the plant in the latter part of winter or the early spring before the new leaves start to appear.
The Philodendron Xanadu must be potted with a tight seal to ensure there’s no empty soil that is too wet. A pot that’s 2 to three inches bigger than the size of their root ball is sufficient.
It is not necessary to pull away from the old roots – they’ll be able to find the new soil. Be careful when handling the plant to avoid stress.
Philodendron Xanadu Propagation Methods
The most efficient methods to reproduce your Philodendron the Xanadu are root division as well as stem cuttings. Because the plant is susceptible to rot, it’s crucial to keep track of the moisture levels and provide them with warmth and intense indirect sunlight. The plant needs to grow immediately and not slow down.
The best time to separate the roots is when you are repotting in spring. It’s recommended to water thoroughly on the day before the repotting to ensure that the roots are resilient.
Below are some steps to follow:
- Take the plant out of the pot and search for a natural separation in-between “clumps.” Don’t reduce the plant to single stems but group them to create a larger effect.
- Gently break roots into one or several sections by gently breaking them up. When the root is densely entwined, cut them off with a sterilized blade.
- Repot each piece into the appropriate container. Make use of the same well-drained soil mix. Plant them at the same level as before, and cover the white portion on the branches. Be careful not to bury them too deeply otherwise they’ll begin to rot.
- The plants should be watered to help set the soil within their root systems. Be careful when watering when they are recovering.
It’s harder to reproduce the Philodendronxanadu from cuttings because they are not resistant to pathogens caused by moisture. Rot quickly sets in.
- Cut a three-to 6-inch length from the top of a new stem. Cut just above the leaf.
- Get rid of the lower leaves leaving one or two at the highest.
- The stem should be placed in the water, or directly into the soil:
- If you’re using water, be sure to alter the water frequently to ensure it is as fresh as you can and keep away decay-related pathogens. It’s not too excessive. Choose water with no chloramine or chlorine – purified water is the best.
- The stem can be placed directly into (sterile) soil will mean that the plant doesn’t need to adjust to the new environment after it has sprouted. To prevent further injury to the cut, do not put it in soil. Make a small hole in which to put it and gently press on the ground around it. Moisten the surface and make sure it is kept just a little damp.
Pro Tips: Before planting, sprinkle the ends of the cuttings with cinnamon, a natural fungus killer or a similar commercial treatment.
- Provide the plants with bright indirect lighting and make sure they are warm. The roots should be visible in between two and three weeks.
Philodendron Xanadu Care Tips
- It’s normal that older leaves become yellow and then die. Do not worry if your loss is extreme, your growth slows down, or your leaves show signs of damage.
- Keep in mind that the plant is susceptible to root decay. Factors such as overly big pots, dim light and soil that is heavy or even cool temperatures could make the mix hold the water for too long, which can harm the plant.
- If you are moving the plant into brighter light, which is often an excellent idea–it’s best to stay clear of shock by allowing them to adjust.
- Cleanse the leaves frequently with an abrasive fabric to make sure they remain shining and free of dust. This also deters pests.
- If your soil is draining well, and it’s time to water think about giving your Xanadu the pleasure of a relaxing shower or even a few minutes outside during a summer rain. It also reduces the risk of spider mites. Make sure you allow the pot to drain properly following the process.
- Philodendron the Xanadu is an aroid that naturally comes with a wide range of different. Some leaves might differ from other leaves.
- Do not expect aerial roots until your plant is at its peak Also don’t be scared when your Xanadu suddenly begins to produce the roots.
It is believed that Philodendron Xanadu has calcium oxalate crystals which can be harmful to pets and humans.
Although it isn’t necessarily harmful, the ingestion of plant parts may cause swelling, burning and breathing problems … Consuming in large quantities can lead to kidney failure. The sap itself can result in skin irritation.
Philodendron Xanadu was licensed in the year 1983 as an Australian cultivar from 1983 until 2002, after which – oops it was found out that it was an indigenous Brazilian species. The plant was called the “Plant of the Year” from Houseplants of Australia and was also given clever names for retail like Aussie or Winterbourn.
Some growers won’t acknowledge the plant’s status as a native of Australia and is a designer hybrid. The patent is expired, but it is now easily propagated, without worrying about legal toes.
There is speculation that the plant’s diminutive dimensions are due to techniques for tissue culture used for large-scale reproduction. Some other terms for this plant include Excalibur, Showboat, and Millennium. While it is a variety of relatives (and names! ) It is the only version of Xanadu.
Pests And Diseases
It is believed that the Philodendron Xanadu treatment is relatively unfazed by pests and isn’t even appealing to deer therefore regular inspection and sanitation should help keep pests out. If you do find an occasional mealybug or scale infestation, horticultural oils and insecticidal soaps can be gentle and effective solutions.
The plant does not usually suffer from fungal diseases, also … aside from an unpleasant infection caused by this bug Erwinia. This nasty bug can be easily spread and can cause an unpleasant odour while it melts the leaves of your favourite plants.
Erwinia is often spotted on the road with new plants. Here are the steps to reduce the risk of contracting the disease:
- Quarantine new plants.
- Take the affected parts of the plant and securely dispose of them.
- The plant should be isolated to avoid any further contamination.
- Sterilize soil or tools that have touched the affected plant. The disease is transmitted through contact with hands or from splashing water on the affected leaf.
- Make sure that the plant recovering has good circulatory air (away from other plants) and observe the progress of the plant closely.
- A healthy plant is the most effective prevention!
Last Word On Philodendron Xanadu
I hope this article will help to maintain the Philodendron Xanadu ( Thaumatophyllum Xanadu) in good condition. If you’re having issues with one specific element of Philodendron Xanadu’s maintenance or one other houseplant you should check out these sources
Looking for other articles on our plant guides, then check this out