Looking for Tomato Growing Mistakes? then read this: If you’re looking to plant your food items, tomatoes are an ideal crop because of their excellent success rate, not to mention their deliciousness. But gardeners may face many tomato-growing problems that can be avoided with the right preparation and knowledge.
From a premature plant to ineffective irrigation, a few mistakes made by tomato gardeners can be disastrous. With the help of the tips for gardening with tomatoes from Jobse’s organics and fertilizers like our tomato granular –, you can make your way to an edible garden that rises from the soil instead of smacking the dust.
1. Planting Tomatoes Too Early (Tomato Growing Mistakes)
The most well-known of summer crops, tomato seedlings, enjoy the heat and dislike cold temperatures. If the temperature of the soil isn’t at 60 degrees throughout the day, it’s not warm enough to support tomato plants. Young plants should attain an average height of 6-8 inches before transplanting.
Therefore, do not put tomatoes in the garden when spring arrives. Inadequately planting plants in the ground may cause a decline in the blossoms, where the blossoms are gone before the fruit is even formed. The tomatoes may also be distorted or puckered when the end of the bloom if the weather is too cool in the evening. However, these distorted crops are edible, even though some of the most adored tomato varieties may not be completely oval or red.
2. Planting Tomatoes in the Wrong Location
Though tomatoes thrive in the heat, It’s vital to ensure that their soil is dry and cool. If drying out, dirt and plants could be prone to disease. Also, it’s best to plant tomatoes only in areas where peppers or potatoes have been growing in the last few years. Select a relatively open spot in your garden where the plants will receive eight hours of sun every day. It is also able to support well-drained soil.
It is possible to plant tomato trees in mulch to preserve moisture and avoid transpiration. To reduce the spread of disease and weeds and let water penetrate the roots, apply mulch between 2 and 4 inches thick over the entire plant. Then, pull it back by about 2 inches, the stem creating a small well at the plant’s base.
3. Planting Tomatoes Too Close Together
Naturally, you’d like to squeeze as many tomatoes as possible out of all the hard work you’ve put into it, but be careful not to plant too many tomatoes in one place! If you plant too close to each other, it hinders airflow and creates excessive shade from adjacent foliage. Check the seed packets online to find the most specific spacing guidelines for your particular tomato variety.
The general rule is to spread determinate tomato plants around two to 18 inches apart and leave each row four feet away. Indeterminate tomatoes should be placed about 2 to 3 feet apart, with rows between 5 and 6 feet. What is the best way to determine what kind of tomato is the best to meet your gardening needs? Discover more information about the distinction between determinate and—indeterminate tomatoes.
4. Planting the Wrong Type of Tomatoes
Picking the right tomato, such as determinate or indeterminate, is an essential aspect of the procedure and will depend on the kind of fruit you’re hoping to gain from the yield. Decimal tomato plants are quickly managed in the average backyard garden. The variety can ripen in a single time and peak at around 3 feet high, which is suitable for those with limited space who would like to preserve or can certain portions of their produce.
On the contrary, indeterminate tomatoes can expand almost indefinitely (anywhere between 6 and twenty feet high). They are ideal for those looking for a constant supply of tomatoes for salads or other home-cooked dishes. An indeterminate plant will continue to grow and produce fruits throughout the summer and fall until the first frost comes in.
Be aware that these two tomato plants are just two of the many kinds and flavors to pick.
5. Watering Tomatoes at the Wrong Time of Day
Do not water your tomatoes in the afternoon; go for dawn or dusk or when the sun is highest, and the temperatures are at their lowest. Early morning mornings are the best time to water, but evenings are also acceptable so long as you do not water your plants when the sun is shining and temperatures are high. In other words, letting the soil take in the water before it vaporizes is hard.
More Guide To Read:
- Best Tomatoes To Grow In Ohio
- Best Tomatoes To Grow In Michigan
- Best Insecticide For Vegetable Garden
- Growing Potatoes Indoors In Containers
- Growing cabbage in containers
- Best Garden Kneeler Bench
- Best Tomatoes To Grow In Colorado
- Growing Chili Peppers In Aquaponics
- What Is The Only Continent That Does Not Grow Pumpkins?
6. Watering Tomatoes Too Often or Not Enough
Do you know how often you have to provide water to tomatoes? Answer: Not too often. You’re more likely to be at risk of watering too much than underwatering since the latter can alter your fruits’ taste. It is best to avoid frequent and shallow watering that can result in the development of diseases. It is also possible to consider creating drip irrigation at home to water your tomato plants so that you don’t water excessively and damage the soil.
As the plants grow older, especially during the summer when temperatures are hot, it is important to do “deep watering” by slowly taking the soil in and allowing the water (and, consequently, the roots) to soak further. After soaking the soil at the bottom of the tomatoes, let the soil dry for a short time before another round of watering.
Generally, it is recommended to water the soil at least twice every week regularly. The sandy soil may require irrigation every four or five days, whereas hard soils require every seven to ten days. Of course, you must consider the weekly rainfall in your area.
At the time of the season’s end, cutting down on irrigation can aid in reaching the sweet spot in taste. However, it would help if you kept your tomatoes hydrated as they grow. When they begin to mature, they then reduce watering.
However, maintaining consistent moisture is the key to flourishing tomato plants. Although they can benefit from the soil drying out a little between waterings but drastic or irregular fluctuations in the moisture levels could cause problems for your tomato, including splitting and the rot of the blossoms. The blossoms of tomatoes are likely to decay if they have an unintentionally rotten or soft spot on the bottom. However, it is still possible to consume them if some rottenness can be removed. Examine the soil daily by placing your fingers an inch or two below the surface to ensure it’s evenly moist.
7. Fertilizing Tomatoes Too Much or Not Enough
Problems with plants such as bloom end rot can indicate calcium deficiency because of inconsistent irrigation. A good tomato fertilizer must supply the essential nutrients the plants require. Fertilize with a completely organic formula that includes calcium and the NPK macronutrients (nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium). However, excessive nitrogen could cause your plant to expand too fast, resulting in less fruit and an excessive amount of leaf, which can be susceptible to pests. Select a fertilizer that has the right amount of phosphorus.
Ultimately, tomato plants love being well fed and can almost always benefit from fertilization–whether you go with a granular, water-soluble, or slow-release tomato plant food. It is possible to use the Jobe’s Organics Vegetable and Tomato Granular at planting and every 4 to 6 weeks through the season. For a more long-lasting formulation, Jobe’s Organics Slow-Release Tomato Granular can be used to feed your garden for as long as three months.
8. Not Providing Proper Support
There are wide varieties of tomatoes, such as determinate and indeterminate varieties require a structure of support to prevent them from falling into the ground. This is to:
- Increase the space in your garden and maintain order by pushing tomatoes to grow upwards (as opposed to spreading outward).
- They are robust and sturdy, so they don’t overshadow adjacent fruits or vegetables.
- Help to stop tomato plant diseases and insect infestations.
- Make harvesting easier.
If your plants are tiny, ensure they are supported within a couple of days of transplantation to avoid root damage. There are several most effective and common methods to support tomatoes:
- Staking is a technique that uses wood or metal stakes, which range between 3 and 6 feet in length, based on the tomato variety you choose. Attach the plant’s main stem to the stake, but loosely, and continue to do this until the plant grows larger.
- Caging is a method that uses wire cages that contain the plants and help support their stems. You can pull the stems of your tomatoes through the cage as tomatoes develop.
- Trellising is also a useful and appealing option for support, particularly for the indeterminate tomato varieties. It can be done with string, metal posts, or wire tied in rows. Just be sure that the material is strong enough to support the weighty branches of your tomato plants.
9. Under-Pruning or Over-Pruning Tomato Plants
Before cutting off the tomato plant, you should note that you should not cut or trim determinate varieties as it can decrease harvest. Cut off indeterminate plants when they’re between 6 and 8 inches tall. You can do this by trimming or pinching the leaves at the bottom of a plant to the next node or stem. This will improve airflow and keep diseases at bay. Your tomatoes are likely to ripen faster and produce bigger fruit per plant.
If tomatoes are spotted with pale spots, they could indicate sunscald resulting from excessive pruning and exposing the plants. They must always have enough leaves to provide essential shade.
10. Letting Pests Eat Your Tomatoes Before You Can
It’s easy to think that you’re doing everything correctly regarding the care and feeding of tomatoes, but there are garden bugs who realize how tasty your tomatoes are, too. Here are some tomato pests you should be looking for:
- Hornworms might nibble at the edges of tomato leaves. If you notice any of the tomato Hornworms–green caterpillars that could vary between 2 and 5 inches long, pluck or shake them off the leaves and put them in the soapy water bucket.
- Spider mites may cause spots on the leaves surface and can also gather on the undersides of leaves. Spraying both sides of the leaves with an outdoor hose could eliminate the mites; however, you could consider spraying insecticidal soap on the leaves.
- The stink bugs may leave white areas on the tomato plant because this pest loves sucking the juice from their fruits. Even though the stink bug is certainly annoying, the parts not spotted in tomatoes are a great food source. To rid yourself of bugs that you spot the stink bugs, spray them with a bottle of warm soapy water or soak them in the soapy solution.
Get Better Tomatoes from Organic Gardening
A significant portion of our enthusiasm for organic gardening is an appreciation for healthy food that is delicious and homegrown. Making fresh tomatoes can be an excellent start towards self-sustaining living and an enjoyable hobby for your whole life—everything from Organic vegetable fertilizers and suggestions and tips to help you with gardening tasks. We here at Jobe’s Organics are committed to helping you grow your tomato garden.
Looking for other articles on our plant guides, then check this out
- Why is My Zebra Plant Leaves Turning Brown?
- cobra fern plant care guide
- Pothos Plant Care
- Why is my asparagus fern yellowing?
- Why Are My Caladium Leaves Curling?